Focus on: vaccine hesitancy

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Vaccines: a crisis of confidence in some countries threatens world health   If you had the opportunity to reduce the risk of getting hurt or even dying, at no extra cost to you, would you take it?  Of course you would.  So why aren’t people in high income countries taking up vaccines, which we know prevent the spread of infectious diseases that kill and... search all News

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Exploring reasons for vaccine-hesitancy among higher-SES parents in Perth, Western Australia. Issues Addressed: The increasing prevalence among higher-socioeconomic (higher-SES) parents in Perth, Western Australia (WA), to be vaccine-hesitant (VH) is placing herd immunity at risk. Methods: Eighteen one-on-one interviews were conducted; (n=11) parents who earned >$125 000 pa and expressed...

Influenza vaccination prevalence among the elderly and individuals with chronic disease, and factors affecting vaccination uptake. Objective: Our aim is to evaluate influenza vaccination rates among the elderly and individuals with underlying chronic disease, and factors that affect vaccination uptake. Methods: The study comprised individuals aged 18-65 years with underlying chronic diseases, and individuals aged over 65...

Pertussis vaccination status and vaccine acceptance among medical students: multicenter study in Germany and Hungary. Background: Medical students are at risk of contracting and transmitting infectious diseases such as pertussis. Complete vaccination status is important to protect own, patient and public health. Knowing own vaccination status is elementary for following current vaccination recommendations,...

Drivers and barriers for measles rubella vaccination campaign: a qualitative study. Background: The measles-rubella (MR) vaccination campaign was launched in Kerala on 3rd October 2017 aiming to eliminate MR by 2020. The drive was carried out in schools, community centers, and medical institutions. The initial phase of the MR campaign met with many controversies that affected its...

Timeliness and completeness of routine childhood vaccinations in young children residing in a district with recurrent vaccine-preventable disease outbreaks, Jerusalem, Israel. Background: Childhood vaccination schedules recommend vaccine doses at predefined ages. Aim: We evaluated vaccination completeness and timeliness in Jerusalem, a district with recurrent vaccine-preventable disease outbreaks. Methods: Vaccination coverage was monitored by the up-to-date method...

Trends and characteristics of proposed and enacted state legislation on childhood vaccination exemption, 2011-2017. Objectives. To examine trends and characteristics of proposed and enacted state legislation that would directly affect states' immunization exemption laws. Methods. We performed content analysis of proposed bills in state legislatures from 2011 to 2017. We classified bills as provaccination or...


CABI book chapters (your subscription gives you fulltext access to selected chapters)

Seeing is believing: trial regulations vs. community engagement in an Ebola vaccine trial. This chapter presents a case study, set in the context of an Ebola outbreak, designed for readers to explore the challenges of balancing the demands of internationally agreed protocols for medical research with demands in the field during an epidemic. The case study also takes a look at the nature...

Economic and disease burden of dengue. This book chapter summarizes studies underscoring the key components and procedures used to estimate the economic and disease burden of dengue fever. The key role of expansion factors, main findings, and areas of uncertainty relating to the economic cost of dengue illness are presented. In...

 

CAB Reviews – CABI’s e-Journal

Changing attitudes to female genital mutilation: an integrative research review of recent literature on FGM in Nigeria. In Nigeria, 19.9 million girls and women aged between 15 and 49 years underwent female genital mutilation (FGM) between 2004 and 2015, making it a red-flag nation in terms of the practice. The paper notes the issues of bodily, medical, sexual and psychological harm and disability associated with...

The threat of urban yellow fever in tropical America. Yellow fever (YF) is an infectious disease caused by the YF virus (YFV) that, in its most severe form, is characterized by jaundice, fever, liver and renal failure, and neurologic and haemorrhagic manifestations. In the Americas, the virus has two well-established cycles of transmission: the wild...

Emerging viruses in marine mammals. Emerging infectious disease has become a serious concern that has consequences for human, animal and environmental health on a global scale. During the past two decades, it has become clear that viruses are emerging in terrestrial environments from the human-animal interface at an unprecedented...

 

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