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  • Hydrocarbon carotenoid profiles of palm oil processed fractions.

    Author(s) : Tan, B.Grady, C. M.Gawienowski, A. M.

    Author Affiliation : Massachusetts University, Amherst, MA 01003, USA.

    Journal article : Journal of the American Oil Chemists' Society 1986 Vol.63 No.9 pp.1175-1179 ref.16

    Abstract : Analysis by gradient-elution normal phase open column chromatography, TLC and UV-visible spectroscopy (confirmation by 2-3 peaks), including calculation of peak ratios, tentatively revealed 7 previously unreported hydrocarbon carotenoidscarotenoidsSubject Category: Chemicals and Chemical Groups
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    in palm oil fractions. These were phytoene, phytofluene, ξ-carotene, α-zeacarotene, β-zeacarotene, neurosporene and δ-carotene. In addition, the presence of α-, β- and γ-carotenes and lycopene was confirmed. The carotenoid profiles of crude palm oil, crude palm olein and filtered palm olein were similar; carotenoids in these fractions totalled 700-800 p.p.m. Carotenoids were not found in refined, filtered and deodorized palm olein, while palm kernel oil contained 0.3 p.p.m. α-zeacarotene. Yield of hydrocarbon carotenoids was 30% lower in the absence of BHT.

    ISSN : 0003-021X

    DOI : 10.1007/BF02663946

    Record Number : 19870345623

    Language of text : English

    Language of summary : English

    Indexing terms for this abstract:

    Organism descriptor(s) : ElaeiselaeisSubject Category: Organism Names
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    , plantsplantsSubject Category: Organism Names
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    Descriptor(s) : biochemistrybiochemistrySubject Category: Disciplines, Occupations and Industries
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    , CarotenoidscarotenoidsSubject Category: Chemicals and Chemical Groups
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    , compositioncompositionSubject Category: Properties
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    , fatty oil plantsfatty oil plantsSubject Category: Commodities and Products
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    , Oil palmsoil palmsSubject Category: Organism Groups
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    , oil plantsoil plantsSubject Category: Commodities and Products
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    , oilsoilsSubject Category: Chemicals and Chemical Groups
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    , oilseed plantsoilseed plantsSubject Category: Commodities and Products
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    , productsproductsSubject Category: Commodities and Products
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    Identifier(s) : oil crops, oilseed crops, tetraterpenoids

    Broader term(s) : ArecaceaearecaceaeSubject Category: Organism Names
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    , ArecalesarecalesSubject Category: Organism Names
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    , commelinidscommelinidsSubject Category: Organism Names
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    , monocotyledonsmonocotyledonsSubject Category: Organism Names
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    , angiospermsangiospermsSubject Category: Organism Names
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    , SpermatophytaspermatophytaSubject Category: Organism Names
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    , plantsplantsSubject Category: Organism Names
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    , eukaryoteseukaryotesSubject Category: Organism Names
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