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  • Male sterility: mechanisms and current status on identification, characterization and utilization in vegetables.

    Author(s) : Sanjeet KumarBanerjee, M. K.Kalloo, G.

    Author Affiliation : Indian Institute of Vegetable Research, 1, Gandhinagar (Naria), P.B. No. 5002, P.O. B.H.U., Varanasi, India.

    Journal article : Vegetable Science 2000 Vol.27 No.1 pp.1-24 ref.182

    Abstract : This review describes histological, biochemical and molecular mechanisms of nuclear (GMS) and nuclear-cytoplasmic (CMS) male sterility. The roles of tapetum, callase, esterase and PGSs are discussed in the light of male sterility expression. Similarly, the role of sterile cytoplasmcytoplasmSubject Category: Anatomical and Morphological Structures
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    specific ORFs, namely T-cytoplasm of maizemaizeSubject Category: Commodities and Products
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    (orf-13) and Ogura cytoplasm of radish (orf-138) has also been described. Three-line and two-line hybrid breeding approaches involving CMS and environmental sensitive genetic male sterile (EGMS) lines, respectively are outlined. Transgenic male sterility systems have been grouped in five classes (abolition-restoration, abolition-reversible, constitutive-reversible, complementary-gene and gametocide-targeted systems) and a comparative discussion is presented. Special emphasis is laid on the crop wise review of reports on identification, characterizationcharacterizationSubject Category: Miscellaneous
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    and utilization of male sterility in tomato, pepper, cole vegetablesvegetablesSubject Category: Organism Groups
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    vegetablesSubject Category: Commodities and Products
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    , radish, carrot, onion, other Allium spp. and muskmelon.

    Record Number : 20013101703

    Publisher : Indian Society of Vegetable Science

    Location of publication : Varanasi

    Country of publication : India

    Language of text : English

    Indexing terms for this abstract:

    Organism descriptor(s) : BrassicalesbrassicalesSubject Category: Organism Names
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    , plantsplantsSubject Category: Organism Names
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    , Raphanus sativusraphanus sativusSubject Category: Organism Names
    see more details
    , Zea mayszea maysSubject Category: Organism Names
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    Descriptor(s) : characterizationcharacterizationSubject Category: Miscellaneous
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    , cytoplasmcytoplasmSubject Category: Anatomical and Morphological Structures
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    , cytoplasmic male sterilitycytoplasmic male sterilitySubject Category: Miscellaneous
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    , genetically engineered organismsgenetically engineered organismsSubject Category: Organism Groups
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    , maizemaizeSubject Category: Commodities and Products
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    , open reading framesopen reading framesSubject Category: Chemicals and Chemical Groups
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    , radishesradishesSubject Category: Commodities and Products
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    , reviewsreviewsSubject Category: Publications
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    , transgenic plantstransgenic plantsSubject Category: Organism Groups
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    , vegetablesvegetablesSubject Category: Commodities and Products
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    Identifier(s) : Capparales, corn, genetically engineered plants, genetically modified organisms, genetically modified plants, GEOs, GMOs, ORFs, transgenic organisms, vegetable crops

    Broader term(s) : eukaryoteseukaryotesSubject Category: Organism Names
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    , RaphanusraphanusSubject Category: Organism Names
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    , BrassicaceaebrassicaceaeSubject Category: Organism Names
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    , BrassicalesbrassicalesSubject Category: Organism Names
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    , eudicotseudicotsSubject Category: Organism Names
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    , angiospermsangiospermsSubject Category: Organism Names
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    , SpermatophytaspermatophytaSubject Category: Organism Names
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    , plantsplantsSubject Category: Organism Names
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    , ZeazeaSubject Category: Organism Names
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    , PoaceaepoaceaeSubject Category: Organism Names
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    , PoalespoalesSubject Category: Organism Names
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    , commelinidscommelinidsSubject Category: Organism Names
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    , monocotyledonsmonocotyledonsSubject Category: Organism Names
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