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  • Farmers' perceptions of insect pests and pest management practices in Bt cotton in the Punjab, Pakistan.

    Author(s) : Muhammad ArshadAnjum SuhailGogi, M. D.Yaseen, M.Asghar, M.Tayyib, M.Haider KararFaisal HafeezUllah, U. N.

    Author Affiliation : Department of Agricultural Entomology, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad, Pakistan.

    Author Email : arshaduaf@gmail.comdranjumsuhailuaf@gmail.com

    Journal article : International Journal of Pest Management 2009 Vol.55 No.1 pp.1-10 ref.35

    Abstract : The aim of this study was to (1) examine the factors involved in the adoption or non-adoption of Bt cotton, (2) identify sources of Bt cotton seed acquisition, and (3) evaluate farmersfarmersSubject Category: People Groups
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    ' knowledge and perception of insect pestsinsect pestsSubject Category: Organism Groups
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    incidence and management practices in Bt cotton in the Punjab, Pakistan. A total of 150 farmers growing Bt cotton expressing Cry1Ac protein were interviewed in the main cotton-growing districts of the Punjab province. The main reasons for farmers adopting Bt cotton were to: (1) reduce bollworm damage; (2) reduce pesticide requirements; (3) obtain higher yield and profit; and (4) reduce labour. Most farmers were not initially aware of Bt cotton's effectiveness against cotton bollworms and then grew it on a trial basis. The main sources of Bt cotton seed were the local market and seed companies while many farmers used home-retained Bt cotton seed, much as they do with conventional cotton. Our survey showed that farmers were aware of the major insect pests of cotton and reported a low incidence of cotton bollworms (Helicoverpa armigerahelicoverpa armigeraSubject Category: Organism Names
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    , Pectinophora gossypiellapectinophora gossypiellaSubject Category: Organism Names
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    , Earias vitella and E. insulana) and a high incidence of armyworm (Spodoptera lituraspodoptera lituraSubject Category: Organism Names
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    and S. exigua) and sucking pests (Bemisia tabacibemisia tabaciSubject Category: Organism Names
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    , Thrips tabacithrips tabaciSubject Category: Organism Names
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    , Amrasca devastans and Aphis gossypiiaphis gossypiiSubject Category: Organism Names
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    ) in Bt cotton. Farmers also noted the incidence of a new pest, the cotton mealybug (PhenacoccusphenacoccusSubject Category: Organism Names
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    sp.), which caused major damage to the crop in most cotton-growing areas. Farmers knew little about natural enemiesnatural enemiesSubject Category: Organism Groups
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    and diseases in their fields, but reported a high incidence of cotton leaf curl virus. Farmers still relied heavily on chemicals to control the pests in Bt cotton as they are easily persuaded by the advertisements of pesticide companies. To further understand farmers' perceptions of Bt cotton, a survey of 75 farmers not cultivating Bt cotton was conducted. The main reason for the rejection of Bt cotton by farmers was that they were not sure of its effectiveness against insect pests. Higher prices of Bt cotton seed, perception of higher vulnerability to viral infection and greater requirements for fertilisers and irrigationirrigationSubject Category: Miscellaneous
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    were also reasons for rejection of Bt cotton cultivation.

    ISSN : 0967-0874

    DOI : 10.1080/09670870802419628

    Record Number : 20093086691

    Publisher : Taylor & Francis

    Location of publication : Abingdon

    Country of publication : UK

    Language of text : English

    Indexing terms for this abstract:

    Organism descriptor(s) : Amrasca biguttula biguttulaamrasca biguttula biguttulaSubject Category: Organism Names
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    , Aphis gossypiiaphis gossypiiSubject Category: Organism Names
    see more details
    , arthropodsarthropodsSubject Category: Organism Names
    see more details
    , Bacillus thuringiensisbacillus thuringiensisSubject Category: Organism Names
    see more details
    , BegomovirusbegomovirusSubject Category: Organism Names
    see more details
    , Bemisia tabacibemisia tabaciSubject Category: Organism Names
    see more details
    , CicadelloideacicadelloideaSubject Category: Organism Names
    see more details
    , Cotton leaf curl Multan viruscotton leaf curl multan virusSubject Category: Organism Names
    see more details
    , Earias insulanaearias insulanaSubject Category: Organism Names
    see more details
    , Earias vittellaearias vittellaSubject Category: Organism Names
    see more details
    , GeminiviridaegeminiviridaeSubject Category: Organism Names
    see more details
    , GossypiumgossypiumSubject Category: Organism Names
    see more details
    , Gossypium herbaceumgossypium herbaceumSubject Category: Organism Names
    see more details
    , Helicoverpa armigerahelicoverpa armigeraSubject Category: Organism Names
    see more details
    , insectsinsectsSubject Category: Organism Names
    see more details
    , Pectinophora gossypiellapectinophora gossypiellaSubject Category: Organism Names
    see more details
    , PhenacoccusphenacoccusSubject Category: Organism Names
    see more details
    , plantsplantsSubject Category: Organism Names
    see more details
    , Spodoptera exiguaspodoptera exiguaSubject Category: Organism Names
    see more details
    , Spodoptera lituraspodoptera lituraSubject Category: Organism Names
    see more details
    , Thrips tabacithrips tabaciSubject Category: Organism Names
    see more details
    , virusesvirusesSubject Category: Organism Names
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    Descriptor(s) : arthropod pestsarthropod pestsSubject Category: Organism Groups
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    , cottoncottonSubject Category: Commodities and Products
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    , farmersfarmersSubject Category: People Groups
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    , fertilizersfertilizersSubject Category: Commodities and Products
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    , genetically engineered organismsgenetically engineered organismsSubject Category: Organism Groups
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    , insect controlinsect controlSubject Category: Techniques, Methodologies and Equipment
    see more details
    , insect pestsinsect pestsSubject Category: Organism Groups
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    , irrigationirrigationSubject Category: Miscellaneous
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    , natural enemiesnatural enemiesSubject Category: Organism Groups
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    , pathogenspathogensSubject Category: Organism Groups
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    , pest controlpest controlSubject Category: Techniques, Methodologies and Equipment
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    , pest resistancepest resistanceSubject Category: Properties
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    , pesticidespesticidesSubject Category: Chemicals and Chemical Groups
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    , pestspestsSubject Category: Organism Groups
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    , plant pathogensplant pathogensSubject Category: Organism Groups
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    , plant pestsplant pestsSubject Category: Organism Groups
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    , plant virusesplant virusesSubject Category: Organism Groups
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    , protein contentprotein contentSubject Category: Properties
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    , seedsseedsSubject Category: Anatomical and Morphological Structures
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    , transgenic plantstransgenic plantsSubject Category: Organism Groups
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    Identifier(s) : African cotton bollworm, bacterium, beet armyworm, Cotton leaf curl virus - Pakistan 1, cotton whitefly, fertilisers, genetically engineered plants, genetically modified organisms, genetically modified plants, GEOs, GMOs, leafhoppers, lesser armyworm, onion thrips, Pakistan Punjab, pest arthropods, pest insects, phytopathogens, pink bollworm, tobacco whitefly, transgenic organisms, viruses of plants, watering

    Geographical Location(s) : PakistanpakistanSubject Category: Geographic Entities
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    , Punjab (Pakistan)punjab (pakistan)Subject Category: Geographic Entities
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    Broader term(s) : virusesvirusesSubject Category: Organism Names
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    , Amrasca biguttulaamrasca biguttulaSubject Category: Organism Names
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    , AmrascaamrascaSubject Category: Organism Names
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    , CicadellidaecicadellidaeSubject Category: Organism Names
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    , CicadelloideacicadelloideaSubject Category: Organism Names
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    , AuchenorrhynchaauchenorrhynchaSubject Category: Organism Names
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    , HemipterahemipteraSubject Category: Organism Names
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    , insectsinsectsSubject Category: Organism Names
    see more details
    , HexapodahexapodaSubject Category: Organism Names
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    , arthropodsarthropodsSubject Category: Organism Names
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    , invertebratesinvertebratesSubject Category: Organism Names
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    , animalsanimalsSubject Category: Organism Names
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    , eukaryoteseukaryotesSubject Category: Organism Names
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    , AphisaphisSubject Category: Organism Names
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    , AphididaeaphididaeSubject Category: Organism Names
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    , AphidoideaaphidoideaSubject Category: Organism Names
    see more details
    , SternorrhynchasternorrhynchaSubject Category: Organism Names
    see more details
    , Bacillus (Bacteria)bacillus (bacteria)Subject Category: Organism Names
    see more details
    , BacillaceaebacillaceaeSubject Category: Organism Names
    see more details
    , BacillalesbacillalesSubject Category: Organism Names
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    , BacillibacilliSubject Category: Organism Names
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    , FirmicutesfirmicutesSubject Category: Organism Names
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    , BacteriabacteriaSubject Category: Organism Names
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    , prokaryotesprokaryotesSubject Category: Organism Names
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    , GeminiviridaegeminiviridaeSubject Category: Organism Names
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    , ssDNA Virusesssdna virusesSubject Category: Organism Names
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    , DNA Virusesdna virusesSubject Category: Organism Names
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    , BemisiabemisiaSubject Category: Organism Names
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    , AleyrodidaealeyrodidaeSubject Category: Organism Names
    see more details
    , AleyrodoideaaleyrodoideaSubject Category: Organism Names
    see more details
    , BegomovirusbegomovirusSubject Category: Organism Names
    see more details
    , EariaseariasSubject Category: Organism Names
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    , NolidaenolidaeSubject Category: Organism Names
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    , LepidopteralepidopteraSubject Category: Organism Names
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    , MalvaceaemalvaceaeSubject Category: Organism Names
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    , MalvalesmalvalesSubject Category: Organism Names
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    , eudicotseudicotsSubject Category: Organism Names
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    , angiospermsangiospermsSubject Category: Organism Names
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    , SpermatophytaspermatophytaSubject Category: Organism Names
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    , plantsplantsSubject Category: Organism Names
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    , GossypiumgossypiumSubject Category: Organism Names
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    , HelicoverpahelicoverpaSubject Category: Organism Names
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    , NoctuidaenoctuidaeSubject Category: Organism Names
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    , PectinophorapectinophoraSubject Category: Organism Names
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    , GelechiidaegelechiidaeSubject Category: Organism Names
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    , PseudococcidaepseudococcidaeSubject Category: Organism Names
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    , CoccoideacoccoideaSubject Category: Organism Names
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    , SpodopteraspodopteraSubject Category: Organism Names
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    , ThripsthripsSubject Category: Organism Names
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    , ThripidaethripidaeSubject Category: Organism Names
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    , ThysanopterathysanopteraSubject Category: Organism Names
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    , Commonwealth of Nationscommonwealth of nationsSubject Category: Institutions and Organisations
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    , Developing Countriesdeveloping countriesSubject Category: Miscellaneous
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    , South Asiasouth asiaSubject Category: Geographic Entities
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    , AsiaasiaSubject Category: Geographic Entities
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    , PakistanpakistanSubject Category: Geographic Entities
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