Wyenandt, C. A.; Rhodes, L. H.; Bennett, M. A.; Riedel, R. M.
Author Affiliation :
Department of Plant Pathology, The Ohio State University, Columbus, OH 43210, USA.
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The effects of three bed systems [conventional (bare soil), chemically killed, or mechanically killed winter rye (Secale cereale)+hairy vetch (Vicia villosa) cover crop mulch] and five fungicide programs (no fungicide, 7-day fungicide application program, and Tom-Cast-timed fungicide applications at 15, 18, or 25 disease severity values) on marketable yield and soil-borne fungal fruit rot development in processing tomato (Solanum lycopersicum) production were studied. In 1997, marketable yield was higher in both cover crop systems compared with the conventional bed system. In 1997, percentage of anthracnose- (Colletotrichum coccodes) and ground rot-infected fruit (caused by Pythium spp. or Phytophthora spp.) were lower in both cover crop mulch systems compared with the conventional bed system. In 1998, marketable fruit yields were lower in both cover crop mulch systems compared with the conventional bed system. Percentage of anthracnose-infected fruit was lower in 1998 in the chemically killed cover crop mulch system compared with mechanically killed bed system. There were no differences in ground rot-infected fruit between bed systems in 1998. In 1998, percentage of total molded fruit in the chemically killed cover crop mulch system was reduced compared with the mechanically killed cover crop mulch system.
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American Society for Horticultural Science
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Organism descriptor(s) :
Colletotrichum coccodes, fungi, Phytophthora, Pythiaceae, Pythium, Secale cereale, Solanum lycopersicum, Vicia villosa
cover crops, crop yield, crops, cultural control, fungal diseases, fungicides, mulches, pathogens, plant disease control, plant diseases, plant pathogenic fungi, plant pathogens, rye, tomatoes
Coelomycetes, fungistats, fungus, Lycopersicon esculentum, mulching materials, Peronosporomycetes, phytopathogenic fungi, phytopathogens, plant-pathogenic fungi, Straminipila
Broader term(s) :
Colletotrichum, Glomerellaceae, Sordariomycetes, Pezizomycotina, Ascomycota, fungi, eukaryotes, Peronosporaceae, Peronosporales, Oomycetes, Oomycota, Chromista, Pythiales, Pythiaceae, Secale, Poaceae, Poales, commelinids, monocotyledons, angiosperms, Spermatophyta, plants, Solanum, Solanaceae, Solanales, eudicots, Vicia, Papilionoideae, Fabaceae, Fabales