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  • Effect of weather conditions and soil tillage systems on the productivity of faba bean (Vicia faba ssp. minor L.).

    Foreign Title : Wpływ warunków pogodowych i systemów uprawy roli na produkcyjność bobiku (Vicia faba ssp. minor L.).

    Author(s) : Stępnik, K.Lepiarczyk, A.

    Author Affiliation : Katedra Ogólnej Uprawy Roli i Roślin, Uniwersytet Rolniczy im. H. Kołłątaja w Krakowie, Poland.

    Author Email : kstepnik@ar.krakow.pl

    Journal article : Fragmenta Agronomica 2009 Vol.26 No.1 pp.127-134 ref.34

    Abstract : A field experiment has been carried out in 2005-2007 at the Experimental Station in Mydlniki near Cracow, owned by the Department of General Soil and Plant Cultivation, Agricultural University in Cracow. The aim of the study was to assess the effect of weatherweatherSubject Category: Climate Related
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    conditions and two soil tillage systems on the productivityproductivitySubject Category: Properties
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    of faba bean. The experiment was established on the typical brown soil. The faba bean (Start var.) was cultivated in a four-course crop rotation (faba bean, winter wheatwinter wheatSubject Category: Commodities and Products
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    , winter wheat, spring barleybarleySubject Category: Commodities and Products
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    ). The compared tillage systems were: ploughingploughingSubject Category: Techniques, Methodologies and Equipment
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    ploughingSubject Category: Techniques, Methodologies and Equipment
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    a conventional cultivation and ploughles - a reduced tillagereduced tillageSubject Category: Techniques, Methodologies and Equipment
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    system. In both soil tillage systems, the stubble of spring barley cultivation treatment consisted of skimming cultivation and harrowingharrowingSubject Category: Techniques, Methodologies and Equipment
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    . While in pre-winter cultivation treatment on ploughing tillage, a 30 cm deep fall ploughing was performed. The spring tillage and seedbed preparation of the two tillage systems, were the same and harrowing followed by cultivator and string roller were used. Prior to the harvesting of faba bean, samples were taken from a 1 m2 field area using a 'frame' method. The samples were used to determine: plant densityplant densitySubject Category: Properties
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    (number of plantsplantsSubject Category: Organism Names
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    per one area unit), number of podspodsSubject Category: Anatomical and Morphological Structures
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    on the bean plant, number of seedsseedsSubject Category: Anatomical and Morphological Structures
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    on the plant, number and weight of seeds per pod, and the one thousand seed weightseed weightSubject Category: Properties
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    . The seed yield was determined and recalculated for the 15% moisture content. The crop yieldcrop yieldSubject Category: Properties
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    of faba bean was recalculated and expressed as food energy value in MJ/kg d.m; the applied converter was 18.49. The results were statistically interpreted using variance analysis with the significance level of α=0.05. The weather conditions during the years influenced the crop development thus, contributed, to a varying degree, to the modification in the bean productivity. The precipitationprecipitationSubject Category: Climate Related
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    and temperature distributions were different in individual months of each study years. The most favourable weather conditions for the crop were in 2005, which was proved by all yielding parameters of the faba bean, except total protein contentprotein contentSubject Category: Properties
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    . The application of reduced tillage system significantly increased plant density but the number and weight of seeds per pod were significantly lower.

    ISSN : 0860-4088

    URL : http://www.pta.iung.pulawy.pl/wydawni...

    Record Number : 20103057400

    Publisher : Polish Society for Agronomy

    Location of publication : Puławy

    Country of publication : Poland

    Language of text : Polish

    Language of summary : English

    Indexing terms for this abstract:

    Organism descriptor(s) : Hordeum vulgarehordeum vulgareSubject Category: Organism Names
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    , TriticumtriticumSubject Category: Organism Names
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    , Triticum aestivumtriticum aestivumSubject Category: Organism Names
    see more details
    , Vicia fabavicia fabaSubject Category: Organism Names
    see more details

    Descriptor(s) : barleybarleySubject Category: Commodities and Products
    see more details
    , crop yieldcrop yieldSubject Category: Properties
    see more details
    , environmental temperatureenvironmental temperatureSubject Category: Properties
    see more details
    , faba beansfaba beansSubject Category: Commodities and Products
    see more details
    , harrowingharrowingSubject Category: Techniques, Methodologies and Equipment
    see more details
    , plant densityplant densitySubject Category: Properties
    see more details
    , ploughingploughingSubject Category: Techniques, Methodologies and Equipment
    see more details
    , podspodsSubject Category: Anatomical and Morphological Structures
    see more details
    , precipitationprecipitationSubject Category: Climate Related
    see more details
    , productivityproductivitySubject Category: Properties
    see more details
    , protein contentprotein contentSubject Category: Properties
    see more details
    , reduced tillagereduced tillageSubject Category: Techniques, Methodologies and Equipment
    see more details
    , rotationsrotationsSubject Category: Techniques, Methodologies and Equipment
    see more details
    , seed weightseed weightSubject Category: Properties
    see more details
    , seedsseedsSubject Category: Anatomical and Morphological Structures
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    , stubble cultivationstubble cultivationSubject Category: Techniques, Methodologies and Equipment
    see more details
    , tillagetillageSubject Category: Techniques, Methodologies and Equipment
    see more details
    , weatherweatherSubject Category: Climate Related
    see more details
    , wheatwheatSubject Category: Commodities and Products
    see more details
    , winter wheatwinter wheatSubject Category: Commodities and Products
    see more details

    Identifier(s) : broad beans, crop rotation, fava beans, field beans, horse beans, plowingplowingSubject Category: Techniques, Methodologies and Equipment
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    , rotational cropping, soil cultivation, tic beans

    Geographical Location(s) : PolandpolandSubject Category: Geographic Entities
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    Broader term(s) : HordeumhordeumSubject Category: Organism Names
    see more details
    , PoaceaepoaceaeSubject Category: Organism Names
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    , PoalespoalesSubject Category: Organism Names
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    , commelinidscommelinidsSubject Category: Organism Names
    see more details
    , monocotyledonsmonocotyledonsSubject Category: Organism Names
    see more details
    , angiospermsangiospermsSubject Category: Organism Names
    see more details
    , SpermatophytaspermatophytaSubject Category: Organism Names
    see more details
    , plantsplantsSubject Category: Organism Names
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    , eukaryoteseukaryotesSubject Category: Organism Names
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    , TriticumtriticumSubject Category: Organism Names
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    , ViciaviciaSubject Category: Organism Names
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    , PapilionoideaepapilionoideaeSubject Category: Organism Names
    see more details
    , FabaceaefabaceaeSubject Category: Organism Names
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    , FabalesfabalesSubject Category: Organism Names
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    , eudicotseudicotsSubject Category: Organism Names
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    , Central Europecentral europeSubject Category: Geographic Entities
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    , EuropeeuropeSubject Category: Geographic Entities
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    , Developed Countriesdeveloped countriesSubject Category: Miscellaneous
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    , European Union Countrieseuropean union countriesSubject Category: Institutions and Organisations
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    , OECD Countriesoecd countriesSubject Category: Institutions and Organisations
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