Yenjit, P.; Issarakraisila, M.; Intana, W.; Chantrapromma, K.
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School of Agricultural Technology, Walailak University, Nakhon Si Thammarat 80160, Thailand.
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Postharvest Biology and Technology
Areca catechu L., a member of the Palmaceae family, is one of the most commonly used drugs in the world. Compounds obtained from the hexane, ethyl acetate and methanol extracts of the pericarp of A. catechu L. were assessed in vitro and in mango fruit for antifungal activity against Colletotrichum gloeosporioides Penz. In vitro studies also indicated that three triterpenes, namely fernenol (fern-9(11)-en-3α-ol), arundoin (fern-9(11)-en-3α-ol ME), and a mixture of stigmasterol and β-sitosterol, and one fatty acid, lauric acid, could inhibit the mycelial growth of C. gloeosporioides with EC50 values of 36.7, 47.5, 56.7 and 111.5 mg L-1, respectively. Furthermore, fernenol, arundoin, and the mixture of stigmasterol and β-sitosterol highly inhibited spore germination and germtube elongation. Mango fruit studies suggested that fernenol, arundoin and the mixture of stigmasterol and β-sitosterol were significantly more effective than benomyl for controlling postharvest anthracnose disease when used at 100 and 200 mg L-1.
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Organism descriptor(s) :
Acacia catechu, Areca, Areca catechu, Colletotrichum, fungi, Glomerella cingulata, Mangifera indica, Phyllachoraceae, Phyllachorales
antifungal properties, arecanuts, benomyl, drugs, extracts, fatty acids, fruits, fungicides, germination, growth, mangoes, pathogens, pericarp, pesticides, phytochemicals, plant extracts, plant pathogenic fungi, plant pathogens, postharvest systems, spore germination, triterpenoids
anti-fungal properties, beta-sitosterol, Coelomycetes, fundazol, fungicidal properties, fungistats, fungus, medicines, pharmaceuticals, phytopathogenic fungi, phytopathogens, plant-pathogenic fungi
Broader term(s) :
Acacia, Mimosoideae, Fabaceae, Fabales, eudicots, angiosperms, Spermatophyta, plants, eukaryotes, Arecaceae, Arecales, commelinids, monocotyledons, Areca, Glomerellaceae, Sordariomycetes, Pezizomycotina, Ascomycota, fungi, Glomerella, Mangifera, Anacardiaceae, Sapindales, Phyllachorales