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  • Coenonympha species in The Netherlands (Lepidoptera).

    Foreign Title : Hooibeestjes in Nederland (Lepidoptera, Coenonympha).

    Author(s) : Bink, F. A.

    Author Affiliation : Zuider-Eng 6, NL 6721 HH Bennekom, Netherlands.

    Author Email : frits.en.rosita@tele2.nl

    Journal article : Entomologische Berichten 2010 Vol.70 No.2 pp.37-44 ref.14

    Abstract : Four species satyrine butterflies of the genus Coenonympha occurred in The Netherlands in the 20th century. Two have gone extinct: C. hero and C. arcania. The originally widely distributed C. tullia is now restricted to a few localities in the northern provinces. However, one still survives all over the country in dunes, heath land, roadside verges and banks: the well known C. pamphilus. This rises the question what differences in biological traits are responsible for these ecological inequalities. The species C. pamphilus was tested out for the environmental factors climate, heat, daylight cycle, relative humidity and host plant preferences. The analysis of the factor climate goes out of the climate matrix of average temperaturetemperatureSubject Category: Properties
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    of the warmest month and the yearly temperature amplitude. Three species occurred at the climatological edge in The Netherlands and in two cases warming of the climate will have an adverse effect. In the case of C. arcania however, a beneficial effect should be expected though the species became recently extinct. The only still flourishing species, C. pamphilus, will be unaffected by climate changeclimate changeSubject Category: Climate Related
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    . Life historylife historySubject Category: Miscellaneous
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    data and ecological details for the different species are considered using four ecological basic functions: feeding (way of exploitation of the nutritional resources), defending (against biotic stress and from physical stress), adjusting (behaviour in time) and exploring (behaviour in space). The threatened species appeared to be rather similar in ecological way. The flourishing species, C. pamphilus, however, differs in many traits. The caterpillar shows variation in the way it spends its winter diapausediapauseSubject Category: Miscellaneous
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    , it can have a facultative diapause, it can grow very fast at high temperatures and the individual adult females display a variety in the age they reach. It turned out that the success of C. pamphilus was mainly based on its ability to develop various ways to adjust its life cyclelife cycleSubject Category: Miscellaneous
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    . Its survival strategy is the high degree of plasticity in the biological traits that improves the survival from environmental unpredictability.

    ISSN : 0013-8827

    URL : http://www.nev.nl

    Record Number : 20103093457

    Publisher : Nederlandse Entomologische Vereniging (NEV)

    Location of publication : Amsterdam

    Country of publication : Netherlands

    Language of text : Dutch

    Language of summary : English

    Indexing terms for this abstract:

    Organism descriptor(s) : CoenonymphacoenonymphaSubject Category: Organism Names
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    , Coenonympha pamphiluscoenonympha pamphilusSubject Category: Organism Names
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    , LepidopteralepidopteraSubject Category: Organism Names
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    Descriptor(s) : animal behaviouranimal behaviourSubject Category: Miscellaneous
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    , behaviourbehaviourSubject Category: Miscellaneous
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    , climate changeclimate changeSubject Category: Climate Related
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    , climatic factorsclimatic factorsSubject Category: Climate Related
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    , diapausediapauseSubject Category: Miscellaneous
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    , life cyclelife cycleSubject Category: Miscellaneous
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    , life historylife historySubject Category: Miscellaneous
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    , temperaturetemperatureSubject Category: Properties
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    Identifier(s) : animal behavioranimal behaviorSubject Category: Miscellaneous
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    , behaviorbehaviorSubject Category: Miscellaneous
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    , climatic change, Coenonympha arcania, Coenonympha hero, Coenonympha tullia, Satyrinae

    Geographical Location(s) : NetherlandsnetherlandsSubject Category: Geographic Entities
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    Broader term(s) : insectsinsectsSubject Category: Organism Names
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    , HexapodahexapodaSubject Category: Organism Names
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    , arthropodsarthropodsSubject Category: Organism Names
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    , invertebratesinvertebratesSubject Category: Organism Names
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    , animalsanimalsSubject Category: Organism Names
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    , eukaryoteseukaryotesSubject Category: Organism Names
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    , NymphalidaenymphalidaeSubject Category: Organism Names
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    , LepidopteralepidopteraSubject Category: Organism Names
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    , CoenonymphacoenonymphaSubject Category: Organism Names
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    , BeneluxbeneluxSubject Category: Institutions and Organisations
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    , Developed Countriesdeveloped countriesSubject Category: Miscellaneous
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    , European Union Countrieseuropean union countriesSubject Category: Institutions and Organisations
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    , Kingdom of the Netherlandskingdom of the netherlandsSubject Category: Geographic Entities
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    , OECD Countriesoecd countriesSubject Category: Institutions and Organisations
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    , Western Europewestern europeSubject Category: Geographic Entities
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    , EuropeeuropeSubject Category: Geographic Entities
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