Olopade, J. O.; Onwuka, S. K.
Author Affiliation :
Department of Veterinary Anatomy, University of Ibadan, Ibadan, Nigeria.
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Due to the relative low importance of goats in temperate regions of the world, research funding and interest in goats particularly basic research had been minimal. There has also been the common assumption that data from sheep could be extrapolated to tropical goats. Regional anatomy is directly concerned with the form and relationship of all the organs present in particular parts or regions of the body. The unique aspects of the regional anatomy of the head of any animal are the skull typology and craniofacial indices of that animal. Such investigations will be useful in providing a database on the skull types of breeds, the morphophysiological interpretation of the biokinetics and biomechanics of mastication, the evaluation of the effect of the interaction of the environment and the animal on skull typology and provide data on sexual dimorphism in skull profile. Most studies on the head of goats in Nigeria remain preliminary, relatively limited in scope and restricted to single breeds. This review therefore aims to compile recent information on the regional anatomy of the skull and other craniofacial and neurometric indices reported for goats in general and the three major breeds of goat in Nigeria, the West African Dwarf (WAD), Red Sokoto and the Sahel in particular.
Record Number :
Faculty of Veterinary Medicine
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Indexing terms for this abstract:
Organism descriptor(s) :
goats, Red Sokoto, West African Dwarf (goat breed)
animal anatomy, head, morphology, skull
body components, Sahelian, subsaharan Africa
Geographical Location(s) :
Africa South of Sahara, Nigeria
Broader term(s) :
goats, Capra, Bovidae, ruminants, Artiodactyla, mammals, vertebrates, Chordata, animals, eukaryotes, ACP Countries, Anglophone Africa, Africa, Commonwealth of Nations, Developing Countries, West Africa, Africa South of Sahara