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  • Formation of the assimilatory apparatus under different systems of soil tillage and fertilization.

    Author(s) : Borontov, O. K.Manukovskiĭ, E. K.Kosyakin, P. A.Manaenkova, E. N.

    Author Affiliation : Vserossiĭskiĭ NI Institut Sakharnoĭ Svekly im. A. L. Mazlumova, Voronezh, Russia.

    Author Email : vniiss@mail.ru

    Journal article : Sakharnaya Svekla 2010 No.6 pp.15-17 ref.5

    Abstract : The effect of 3 soil tillage and 3 fertilizer regimes on the photosynthetic activity of sugarbeetsugarbeetSubject Category: Commodities and Products
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    plantsplantsSubject Category: Organism Names
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    was investigated in Voronezh Province, RussiarussiaSubject Category: Geographic Entities
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    , in 2007-09 in a 9-field stationary experiment established in 1985. Sugarbeet was sown as part of a bare fallowfallowSubject Category: Miscellaneous
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    - winter wheatwheatSubject Category: Commodities and Products
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    - sugarbeet rotation. Number of leavesleavesSubject Category: Anatomical and Morphological Structures
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    , leaf arealeaf areaSubject Category: Properties
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    , photosynthetic potential, photosynthetic productivity (g/plant per day), DM production, root yield and sugar yieldsugar yieldSubject Category: Properties
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    were recorded. Results showed that the optimal photosynthetic surface area and highest sugar yield (6.7 t/ha) were formed under the combined soil tillage regime (minimum tillageminimum tillageSubject Category: Techniques, Methodologies and Equipment
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    under cereal and grass in the rotation, but mouldboard ploughing of tilled and fallow land, especially improved autumn ploughing to 30-32 cm for sugarbeet), with the recommended fertilizer application being 11 t manure + (NPK)59 under all crops in the rotation, but (NPK)160 under sugarbeet. Under these conditions, leaf production processes intensified and photosynthetic potential increased, allowing active radiation to be fully absorbed, resulting in increased DM production and yields.

    ISSN : 0036-3359

    URL : http://www.sugarbeet.ru/

    Record Number : 20103308942

    Publisher : Sakharnaya Svekla

    Location of publication : Moscow

    Country of publication : Russia

    Language of text : Russian

    Language of summary : English

    Indexing terms for this abstract:

    Organism descriptor(s) : Beta vulgarisbeta vulgarisSubject Category: Organism Names
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    , Beta vulgaris var. sacchariferabeta vulgaris var. sacchariferaSubject Category: Organism Names
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    , TriticumtriticumSubject Category: Organism Names
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    , Triticum aestivumtriticum aestivumSubject Category: Organism Names
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    Descriptor(s) : blade ploughingblade ploughingSubject Category: Techniques, Methodologies and Equipment
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    , crop productioncrop productionSubject Category: Disciplines, Occupations and Industries
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    , crop yieldcrop yieldSubject Category: Properties
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    , fallowfallowSubject Category: Miscellaneous
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    , leaf arealeaf areaSubject Category: Properties
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    , leavesleavesSubject Category: Anatomical and Morphological Structures
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    , manuresmanuresSubject Category: Miscellaneous
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    , minimum tillageminimum tillageSubject Category: Techniques, Methodologies and Equipment
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    , NPK fertilizersnpk fertilizersSubject Category: Commodities and Products
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    , organic fertilizersorganic fertilizersSubject Category: Commodities and Products
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    , photosynthesisphotosynthesisSubject Category: Natural Processes
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    , ploughingploughingSubject Category: Techniques, Methodologies and Equipment
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    , rotationsrotationsSubject Category: Techniques, Methodologies and Equipment
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    , sugar yieldsugar yieldSubject Category: Properties
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    , sugarbeetsugarbeetSubject Category: Commodities and Products
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    , tillagetillageSubject Category: Techniques, Methodologies and Equipment
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    , wheatwheatSubject Category: Commodities and Products
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    Identifier(s) : blade plowingblade plowingSubject Category: Techniques, Methodologies and Equipment
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    , carbon assimilation, carbon dioxide fixation, crop rotation, fallowing, minimum tillage systems, plowingplowingSubject Category: Techniques, Methodologies and Equipment
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    , rotational cropping, Russian Federation, soil cultivation

    Geographical Location(s) : RussiarussiaSubject Category: Geographic Entities
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    Broader term(s) : BetabetaSubject Category: Organism Names
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    , AmaranthaceaeamaranthaceaeSubject Category: Organism Names
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    , CaryophyllalescaryophyllalesSubject Category: Organism Names
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    , eudicotseudicotsSubject Category: Organism Names
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    , angiospermsangiospermsSubject Category: Organism Names
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    , SpermatophytaspermatophytaSubject Category: Organism Names
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    , plantsplantsSubject Category: Organism Names
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    , eukaryoteseukaryotesSubject Category: Organism Names
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    , Beta vulgarisbeta vulgarisSubject Category: Organism Names
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    , PoaceaepoaceaeSubject Category: Organism Names
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    , PoalespoalesSubject Category: Organism Names
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    , commelinidscommelinidsSubject Category: Organism Names
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    , monocotyledonsmonocotyledonsSubject Category: Organism Names
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    , TriticumtriticumSubject Category: Organism Names
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    , APEC countriesapec countriesSubject Category: Institutions and Organisations
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    , Developed Countriesdeveloped countriesSubject Category: Miscellaneous
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