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  • Biodiesel fuel production from waste canola cooking oil as sustainable energy and environmental recycling process.

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    Author(s) : Hossain, A. B. M. S.Mekhled, M. A.

    Author Affiliation : Bioengineering Laboratory, Programme of Biotechnology, Institute of Biological Sciences, Faculty of Science, University of Malaya, 50603 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.

    Author Email : sharif@um.edu.mysharifhort@yahoo.com

    Journal article : Australian Journal of Crop Science 2010 Vol.4 No.7 pp.543-549 ref.29

    Abstract : The increase of petroleum price and environmental problems has triggered the finding of alternative and renewable energyrenewable energySubject Category: Miscellaneous
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    . BiodieselbiodieselSubject Category: Commodities and Products
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    biodieselSubject Category: Chemicals and Chemical Groups
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    produced by transesterificationtransesterificationSubject Category: Miscellaneous
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    of triglycerides with alcohol, is one of the energy forms that has attracted the attention of many researchers due to various advantages associated with its usages. Waste cooking oil is considered as the most suitable material due to its readily-availability and cost-effectiveness. In this study, the transesterification of waste canola cooking oil was carried out using lower alcohol to oil molar ratios to study its feasibility. Molar ratio of methanolmethanolSubject Category: Chemicals and Chemical Groups
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    , types and concentrations of catalyst were selected to obtain a high quality biodiesel fuel with the specification of American Standard for Biodiesel Testing Material (ASTM D 6751) and European Norm (EN 14214). The highest biodiesel yield was obtained (49.5%) under conditions of 1:1volumetric oil-to-methanol weight ratio, 0.5% NaOH catalyst at 55°C reaction temperature and 250 rpm stirring speed. The results showed that biodiesel production from different oil to methanol ratio, catalyst types and concentration exhibited considerable differences. There was little difference in viscosityviscositySubject Category: Properties
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    , acid value and chemical elements (Fe, Mg, Ca, Na, P etc.) at different parameters. The result showed that the optimal combination which gave the highest production of biodiesel in transesterification carried out for 2 hours by using methanol to oil molar ratio of 1:1 catalyzed by 0.5% sodium hydroxidesodium hydroxideSubject Category: Chemicals and Chemical Groups
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    and produced biodiesel can be used as fuel in diesel engine.

    ISSN : 1835-2693

    URL : http://www.cropj.com/sharif233_4_7_20...

    Record Number : 20103319287

    Publisher : Southern Cross Journals

    Location of publication : New South Wales

    Country of publication : Australia

    Language of text : English

    Indexing terms for this abstract:

    Organism descriptor(s) : Brassica napus var. oleiferabrassica napus var. oleiferaSubject Category: Organism Names
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    , BrassicalesbrassicalesSubject Category: Organism Names
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    Descriptor(s) : alcoholsalcoholsSubject Category: Chemicals and Chemical Groups
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    , biodieselbiodieselSubject Category: Chemicals and Chemical Groups
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    , bioenergybioenergySubject Category: Miscellaneous
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    , biofuelsbiofuelsSubject Category: Chemicals and Chemical Groups
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    , calciumcalciumSubject Category: Chemicals and Chemical Groups
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    , catalystscatalystsSubject Category: Chemicals and Chemical Groups
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    , cooking oilscooking oilsSubject Category: Commodities and Products
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    , diesel enginesdiesel enginesSubject Category: Techniques, Methodologies and Equipment
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    , ironironSubject Category: Chemicals and Chemical Groups
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    , magnesiummagnesiumSubject Category: Chemicals and Chemical Groups
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    , methanolmethanolSubject Category: Chemicals and Chemical Groups
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    , organic wastesorganic wastesSubject Category: Commodities and Products
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    , phosphorusphosphorusSubject Category: Chemicals and Chemical Groups
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    , raperapeSubject Category: Commodities and Products
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    , rapeseed oilrapeseed oilSubject Category: Commodities and Products
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    , recyclingrecyclingSubject Category: Miscellaneous
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    , renewable energyrenewable energySubject Category: Miscellaneous
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    , renewable resourcesrenewable resourcesSubject Category: Miscellaneous
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    , sodiumsodiumSubject Category: Chemicals and Chemical Groups
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    , sodium hydroxidesodium hydroxideSubject Category: Chemicals and Chemical Groups
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    , swede rapeswede rapeSubject Category: Commodities and Products
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    , transesterificationtransesterificationSubject Category: Miscellaneous
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    , triacylglycerolstriacylglycerolsSubject Category: Chemicals and Chemical Groups
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    , viscosityviscositySubject Category: Properties
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    Identifier(s) : biowastes, canola, Capparales, methyl alcohol, oilseed rape, triglycerides, wood alcohol, canola oil

    Broader term(s) : Brassica napusbrassica napusSubject Category: Organism Names
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    , BrassicabrassicaSubject Category: Organism Names
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    , BrassicaceaebrassicaceaeSubject Category: Organism Names
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    , BrassicalesbrassicalesSubject Category: Organism Names
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    , eudicotseudicotsSubject Category: Organism Names
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    , angiospermsangiospermsSubject Category: Organism Names
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    , SpermatophytaspermatophytaSubject Category: Organism Names
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    , plantsplantsSubject Category: Organism Names
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    , eukaryoteseukaryotesSubject Category: Organism Names
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