Zheljazkov, V. D.; Cantrell, C. L.; Astatkie, T.; Hristov, A.
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North Mississippi Research and Extension Center, Mississippi State University, 5421 Highway 145 South, Verona, MS 38879, USA.
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Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
Peppermint (Mentha × piperita L.) and spearmints ('Scotch' spearmint, M. × gracilis Sole, and 'Native' spearmint, Mentha spicata L.) are widely grown essential oil crops in more northern latitudes; however, there is limited information on how harvest time and drying influence peppermint and spearmint yield, oil composition, and bioactivity, when grown south of the 41st parallel. In this 2-year study, the effects of harvest time and drying on the yield, oil composition, and bioactivity of peppermint ('Black Mitcham' and 'B90-9'), 'Scotch' spearmint, and 'Native' spearmint were evaluated. Peppermint oil from the dried material had higher menthol and eucalyptol concentrations. Menthone in both peppermint cultivars decreased from harvest 1 (late June) to harvest 5 (late August) or 6 (early September), whereas menthol increased. (-)-Carvone in spearmints accumulated early, before flowering, allowing for early harvest. Oil yields from the dried spearmint biomass reached the maximum at harvest 3 (mid-July). The essential oil compositions of the four mint genotypes were similar to that of 11 commercially available oils, suggesting that these genotypes can be grown in the hot, humid environment of the southeastern United States. The antioxidant activities (ORACoil values) of the essential oils were 4372, 1713, 1107, and 471 µmol of TE L-1 for 'Scotch' spearmint, 'Native' spearmint, peppermint, and Japanese cornmint (Mentha canadensis), respectively. The oils of the four mint genotypes did not affect ruminal fermentation in vivo, and did not exhibit antimicrobial, antileishmanial, or antimalarial activity at levels that would warrant bioassay-directed fractionation in a drug-discovery screening program. Specifically, the oils did not show greater than 50% growth inhibition against Leishmania donovani, Plasmodium falciparum clones D6 and W2, Candida albicans, Escherichia coli, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Cryptococcus neoformans, Mycobacterium intracellulare, or Aspergillus fumigates at 50 µg mL-1.
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American Chemical Society
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Organism descriptor(s) :
Aspergillus fumigatus, Candida albicans, Cryptococcus neoformans, Escherichia coli, Leishmania donovani, Mentha, Mentha canadensis, Mentha gracilis, Mentha piperita, Mentha spicata, Mycobacterium intracellulare, plants, Plasmodium falciparum, Protozoa, Pseudomonas aeruginosa
antibacterial properties, antifungal properties, antioxidant properties, antiprotozoal properties, chemical composition, crop yield, cultivars, drying, essential oil plants, essential oils, eucalyptol, flowering, genotypes, harvesting date, infections, menthol, oil plants, parasites, parasitoses, pathogens, plant composition, protozoal infections
anthesis, anti-fungal properties, anti-oxidant properties, anti-protozoal properties, bactericidal properties, bacterium, cajeputol, chemical constituents of plants, cineol, cineole, cultivated varieties, E. coli, essential oil crops, eucalyptole, fungicidal properties, fungus, harvest date, limonene oxide, mint, parasitic diseases, parasitic infestations, parasitosis, protozoal diseases, United States of America
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Broader term(s) :
Aspergillus, Trichocomaceae, Eurotiales, Eurotiomycetes, Pezizomycotina, Ascomycota, fungi, eukaryotes, Candida, Saccharomycetales, Saccharomycetes, Saccharomycotina, Cryptococcus (Fungi), Tremellaceae, Tremellales, Tremellomycetes, Agaricomycotina, Basidiomycota, Escherichia, Enterobacteriaceae, Enterobacteriales, Gammaproteobacteria, Proteobacteria, Bacteria, prokaryotes, Leishmania, Trypanosomatidae, Kinetoplastida, Sarcomastigophora, Protozoa, Lamiaceae, Lamiales, eudicots, angiosperms, Spermatophyta, plants, Mentha, Mycobacterium, Mycobacteriaceae, Corynebacterineae, Actinomycetales, Actinobacteridae, Actinobacteria, Plasmodium, Plasmodiidae, Haemospororida, Apicomplexa, Pseudomonas, Pseudomonadaceae, Pseudomonadales, APEC countries, Developed Countries, North America, America, OECD Countries