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  • Mango malformation: I. Toxin production associated with fusarium pathogens.

    Author(s) : Haggag, M. W.Hazza, M.Sehab, A.El-Wahab, M. A.

    Author Affiliation : Department of Plant Pathology National Research Center, Dokki, Cairo, Egypt.

    Author Email : wafaa_haggag@yahoo.com

    Journal article : American Journal of Plant Sciences 2011 Vol.2 No.2 pp.276-281 ref.16

    Abstract : Eight Fusarium species i.e. F. subglutinans, F. solani, F. oxyspoum, F. sterilihyphosum, F. proliferatum, F. moniliforme, F. avena and F. chlamydspore isolated from mango malformed disease were tested for their ability to cause mango malformation disease and their production of moniliforminmoniliforminSubject Category: Chemicals and Chemical Groups
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    and total fumonisinsfumonisinsSubject Category: Chemicals and Chemical Groups
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    (FB1+FB2) using HPLC. A evaluated for moniliformin production, seven isolates were toxin producers, the production levels ranging from 0.51 to 8.90 µg/ml. The higher levels were produced by Fusarium subglutinansfusarium subglutinansSubject Category: Organism Names
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    (8.51 µg/ml). Moderate concentrations of moniliformin was produced by F. moniliforme (6.90 µg/ml), F. oxysporum (6.30 µg/ml), F. proliferatum (4.10 µg/ml) and F. sterilihyphosum (1.10 µg/ml). Separation and identification of Fumonisin that was isolated from the pathogen-causing disease are made by (HPLC). A evaluated for total fumonisin production (FB1+FB2), seven isolates were toxin producers, the production levels ranging from 0.10 to 8.30 µg/ml. The higher levels were produced by F. moniliforme (8.30 µg/ml). Moderate concentrations of fumonisin was produced by F. proliferatum (0.64 µg/ml) and F. subglutinans (0.50 µg/ml). Strong positive correlations between moniliformin and total fumonisins (FB1+FB2) activities and malformation disease incidence by F. subglutinans, F. solani, F. oxyspoum, F. sterilihyphosum, F. proliferatum was observed.

    ISSN : 2158-2742

    DOI : 10.4236/ajps.2011.22030

    Record Number : 20113240903

    Publisher : Scientific Research Publishing

    Location of publication : Irvine

    Country of publication : USA

    Language of text : English

    Indexing terms for this abstract:

    Organism descriptor(s) : fungifungiSubject Category: Organism Names
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    , Fusarium chlamydosporumfusarium chlamydosporumSubject Category: Organism Names
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    , Fusarium oxysporumfusarium oxysporumSubject Category: Organism Names
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    , Fusarium proliferatumfusarium proliferatumSubject Category: Organism Names
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    , Fusarium subglutinansfusarium subglutinansSubject Category: Organism Names
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    , Gibberella avenaceagibberella avenaceaSubject Category: Organism Names
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    , Gibberella fujikuroigibberella fujikuroiSubject Category: Organism Names
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    , Haematonectria haematococcahaematonectria haematococcaSubject Category: Organism Names
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    , Mangifera indicamangifera indicaSubject Category: Organism Names
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    Descriptor(s) : fumonisinsfumonisinsSubject Category: Chemicals and Chemical Groups
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    , fungal diseasesfungal diseasesSubject Category: Diseases, Disorders, and Symptoms
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    , mangoesmangoesSubject Category: Commodities and Products
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    , moniliforminmoniliforminSubject Category: Chemicals and Chemical Groups
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    , mycotoxinsmycotoxinsSubject Category: Chemicals and Chemical Groups
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    , pathogenspathogensSubject Category: Organism Groups
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    , plant diseasesplant diseasesSubject Category: Diseases, Disorders, and Symptoms
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    , plant pathogenic fungiplant pathogenic fungiSubject Category: Organism Groups
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    , plant pathogensplant pathogensSubject Category: Organism Groups
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    Identifier(s) : fungal toxins, fungus, Fusarium sterilihyphosum, phytopathogenic fungi, phytopathogens, plant-pathogenic fungi

    Broader term(s) : eukaryoteseukaryotesSubject Category: Organism Names
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    , FusariumfusariumSubject Category: Organism Names
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    , NectriaceaenectriaceaeSubject Category: Organism Names
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    , HypocrealeshypocrealesSubject Category: Organism Names
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    , SordariomycetessordariomycetesSubject Category: Organism Names
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    , PezizomycotinapezizomycotinaSubject Category: Organism Names
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    , AscomycotaascomycotaSubject Category: Organism Names
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    , fungifungiSubject Category: Organism Names
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    , GibberellagibberellaSubject Category: Organism Names
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    , HaematonectriahaematonectriaSubject Category: Organism Names
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    , MangiferamangiferaSubject Category: Organism Names
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    , AnacardiaceaeanacardiaceaeSubject Category: Organism Names
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    , SapindalessapindalesSubject Category: Organism Names
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    , eudicotseudicotsSubject Category: Organism Names
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    , angiospermsangiospermsSubject Category: Organism Names
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    , SpermatophytaspermatophytaSubject Category: Organism Names
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    , plantsplantsSubject Category: Organism Names
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