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  • A recreational water quality index using chemical, physical and microbiological parameters.

    Author(s) : Almeida, C.Oliva González, S.Mallea, M.González, P.

    Author Affiliation : Área de Química Analítica, Facultad de Química, Bioquímica y Farmacia, Universidad Nacional de San Luis, Chacabuco y Pedernera, 5700 San Luis, Argentina.

    Author Email : cesarbioq@gmail.com

    Journal article : Environmental Science and Pollution Research 2012 Vol.19 No.8 pp.3400-3411 ref.30

    Abstract : Purpose: The aim of this paper was to develop a new recreational water qualitywater qualitySubject Category: Properties
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    index (RWQI) as a tool to ensure the health of swimmers and to take practical decisions. Methods: RWQI was elaborated with epidemiological data, and we carried out an exhaustive study of the different guidelines for recreational waters proposed by different organisations around the world. Different parameters were chosen, considering, as a priority, the swimmer's contact and the possibility of ingestion of water during the recreational activity. Furthermore, rating curves were established for pHphSubject Category: Properties
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    , chemical oxygen demandchemical oxygen demandSubject Category: Properties
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    , nitratenitrateSubject Category: Chemicals and Chemical Groups
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    , phosphatephosphateSubject Category: Chemicals and Chemical Groups
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    , detergentsdetergentsSubject Category: Chemicals and Chemical Groups
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    , enterococci, total coliforms, faecal coliformsfaecal coliformsSubject Category: Organism Groups
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    faecal coliformsSubject Category: Organism Groups
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    and Escherichia coliescherichia coliSubject Category: Organism Names
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    . Results and conclusions: The index was applied to the data set on water quality of the Potrero de los Funes River (San Luis, ArgentinaargentinaSubject Category: Geographic Entities
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    ), generated during 2 years (2009-2010). Following the RWQI values classification, most of the Potrero de los Funes water samples fell in the good quality range during the study period.

    ISSN : 0944-1344

    DOI : 10.1007/s11356-012-0865-5

    URL : http://www.springerlink.com/.../

    Record Number : 20123301660

    Publisher : Springer Berlin

    Location of publication : Heidelberg

    Country of publication : Germany

    Language of text : English

    Language of summary : English

    Indexing terms for this abstract:

    Organism descriptor(s) : EnterobacteriaceaeenterobacteriaceaeSubject Category: Organism Names
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    , EnterococcaceaeenterococcaceaeSubject Category: Organism Names
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    , Escherichia coliescherichia coliSubject Category: Organism Names
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    Descriptor(s) : amenity and recreation areasamenity and recreation areasSubject Category: Infrastructure
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    , chemical oxygen demandchemical oxygen demandSubject Category: Properties
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    , coliform bacteriacoliform bacteriaSubject Category: Organism Groups
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    , detergentsdetergentsSubject Category: Chemicals and Chemical Groups
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    , faecal coliformsfaecal coliformsSubject Category: Organism Groups
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    , nitratenitrateSubject Category: Chemicals and Chemical Groups
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    , pHphSubject Category: Properties
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    , phosphatephosphateSubject Category: Chemicals and Chemical Groups
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    , physical propertiesphysical propertiesSubject Category: Properties
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    , riversriversSubject Category: Habitats
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    , water microbiologywater microbiologySubject Category: Disciplines, Occupations and Industries
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    , water qualitywater qualitySubject Category: Properties
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    Identifier(s) : amenity areas, bacterium, E. coli, fecal coliformsfecal coliformsSubject Category: Organism Groups
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    , hydrogen ion concentration, potential of hydrogen, recreation areas, water chemistry, water composition and quality

    Geographical Location(s) : ArgentinaargentinaSubject Category: Geographic Entities
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    Broader term(s) : LactobacillaleslactobacillalesSubject Category: Organism Names
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    , BacillibacilliSubject Category: Organism Names
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    , FirmicutesfirmicutesSubject Category: Organism Names
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    , BacteriabacteriaSubject Category: Organism Names
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    , prokaryotesprokaryotesSubject Category: Organism Names
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    , EscherichiaescherichiaSubject Category: Organism Names
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    , EnterobacteriaceaeenterobacteriaceaeSubject Category: Organism Names
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    , EnterobacterialesenterobacterialesSubject Category: Organism Names
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    , GammaproteobacteriagammaproteobacteriaSubject Category: Organism Names
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    , ProteobacteriaproteobacteriaSubject Category: Organism Names
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    , Developing Countriesdeveloping countriesSubject Category: Miscellaneous
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    , Latin Americalatin americaSubject Category: Geographic Entities
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    , AmericaamericaSubject Category: Geographic Entities
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    , South Americasouth americaSubject Category: Geographic Entities
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    , Threshold Countriesthreshold countriesSubject Category: Miscellaneous
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