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  • Socioeconomic differences in sport and physical activity among Italian adults.

    Author(s) : Federico, B.Falese, L.Marandola, D.Capelli, G.

    Author Affiliation : Department of Health and Sport Sciences, University of Cassino, via S, Angelo (Folcara), Cassino (FR), 03043, Italy.

    Author Email : b.federico@unicas.it

    Journal article : Journal of Sports Sciences 2013 Vol.31 No.4 pp.451-458 ref.46

    Abstract : We aimed to assess the extent of socioeconomic differences in sport and physical activity among Italian adults. A secondary data analysis of a multipurpose survey carried out by the National Institute of Statistics in 2006 in Italy was performed. We found marked differences in the practice of physical activity and sport by socioeconomic position. Subjects with a higher educational level were more likely to be physically active, practising more frequently both sport and physical activity. The Odds Ratio (OR) of regular physical activity for the highest educated compared to the lowest educated males was 1.70 (95% Confidence Interval [CI]: 1.38, 2.08), and the OR of sport participation was 2.03 (95% CI: 1.51, 2.72). Among females, the corresponding ORs were 1.32 (95% CI: 1.08, 1.63) and 2.26 (95% CI: 1.51, 3.38). Similar differences in physical activity and sport were found in relation to occupation and material conditions. Almost all sports were more frequently practised by subjects of higher socioeconomic status. Socioeconomic differences in sport and physical activity may derive from economic or cultural barriers. Policies to reduce inequalities and ensure access to sport independently of socioeconomic position are strongly needed.

    ISSN : 0264-0414

    DOI : 10.1080/02640414.2012.736630

    URL : http://www.tandfonline.com/loi/rjsp20

    Record Number : 20133174239

    Publisher : Routledge

    Location of publication : Abingdon

    Country of publication : UK

    Language of text : English

    Language of summary : English

    Indexing terms for this abstract:

    Descriptor(s) : adults, participation, physical activity, socioeconomic status, sport

    Geographical Location(s) : Italy

    Broader term(s) : Developed Countries, European Union Countries, Mediterranean Region, OECD Countries, Southern Europe, Europe