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  • Escherichia coli, an economically important avian pathogen, its disease manifestations, diagnosis and control, and public health significance: a review.

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    Author(s) : Kuldeep DhamaSandip ChakrabortyBarathidasan, R.Ruchi TiwariRajagunalan, S.Singh, S. D.

    Author Affiliation : Avian Diseases Section, Division of Pathology, Indian Veterinary Research Institute, Izatnagar, Bareilly (U.P.) - 243 122, India.

    Journal article : Research Opinions in Animal and Veterinary Sciences 2013 Vol.3 No.6 pp.179-194 ref.many

    Abstract : Avian colibacillosis, caused by Escherichia coli, is one of the major bacterial diseasesbacterial diseasesSubject Category: Diseases, Disorders, and Symptoms
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    in the poultry industry worldwide, and along with salmonellosissalmonellosisSubject Category: Diseases, Disorders, and Symptoms
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    , it is the most common avian disease communicable to humans. The organism is a normal inhabitant of the intestinal tract of birdsbirdsSubject Category: Organism Names
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    and can survive in a wide range of temperature. Certain strainsstrainsSubject Category: Organism Groups
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    viz., avian pathogenic E. coli (APEC), however, could spread to various internal organs and cause colibacillosis characterized by fatal systemic disease. Faeco-oral route is the main mode of infection, though vertical transmissionvertical transmissionSubject Category: Miscellaneous
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    is also possible. The disease occurs in various forms in poultry: colisepticemia and acute septicemiasepticemiaSubject Category: Diseases, Disorders, and Symptoms
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    septicemiaSubject Category: Diseases, Disorders, and Symptoms
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    , air sac disease, pericarditispericarditisSubject Category: Diseases, Disorders, and Symptoms
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    , perihepatitis, Mushy chick disease (yolk sac infection), peritonitisperitonitisSubject Category: Diseases, Disorders, and Symptoms
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    , panopthalmitis, synovitissynovitisSubject Category: Diseases, Disorders, and Symptoms
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    , salpingitis, bumble foot, cellulitis, swollen head syndromeswollen head syndromeSubject Category: Diseases, Disorders, and Symptoms
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    , infectious asthenia, and Hjarre's disease. Increased cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP) and cyclic guanosine monophosphate (cGMP) due to E. coli infection affect the absorption of sodium as well as chloride and water balance ultimately producing watery diarrhea and death. APEC isolates also are of potential concern for public healthpublic healthSubject Category: Miscellaneous
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    professionals. Infected persons usually manifest diarrhea which may be complicated by other syndromes depending on the serotype. DiagnosisdiagnosisSubject Category: Techniques, Methodologies and Equipment
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    is based on isolation and growth characteristics of the organism in wide variety of bacteriological media, biochemical tests, serological assays, enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISAelisaSubject Category: Techniques, Methodologies and Equipment
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    ), molecular tools of polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and its various versions, phylogenetic analysis and other techniques. The disease must be differentiated from a wide variety of other bacterial diseases. Antibiotic sensitivity test is useful to select proper antibiotic but plasmid mediated resistance do occur for which vitamin as well as probiotic and bacteriophage therapy are gaining much attention nowadays. Live and inactivated mutant vaccines are available. Proper hygiene and sanitation along with good hatchery management are the prerequisites to prevent the occurrence of disease. Different disease manifestations caused by APEC, insights into this economically important avian pathogen, epidemiology, trends and advances in diagnosis, prevention and control, novel and emerging therapeutic regimens, and the associated public health concerns envisage the topic of discussion in the present review.

    ISSN : 2221-1896

    URL : http://www.roavs.com/.../179-194.pdf

    Record Number : 20133210388

    Publisher : KPK Publishers

    Location of publication : Peshawar

    Country of publication : Pakistan

    Language of text : English

    Indexing terms for this abstract:

    Organism descriptor(s) : birdsbirdsSubject Category: Organism Names
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    , Escherichia coliescherichia coliSubject Category: Organism Names
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    Descriptor(s) : air sacsair sacsSubject Category: Anatomical and Morphological Structures
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    , bacterial diseasesbacterial diseasesSubject Category: Diseases, Disorders, and Symptoms
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    , c-AMPc-ampSubject Category: Chemicals and Chemical Groups
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    , c-GMPc-gmpSubject Category: Chemicals and Chemical Groups
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    , clinical aspectsclinical aspectsSubject Category: Miscellaneous
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    , diagnosisdiagnosisSubject Category: Techniques, Methodologies and Equipment
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    , diagnostic techniquesdiagnostic techniquesSubject Category: Techniques, Methodologies and Equipment
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    , disease controldisease controlSubject Category: Miscellaneous
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    , disease preventiondisease preventionSubject Category: Techniques, Methodologies and Equipment
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    , drug resistancedrug resistanceSubject Category: Properties
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    , drug susceptibilitydrug susceptibilitySubject Category: Properties
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    , ELISAelisaSubject Category: Techniques, Methodologies and Equipment
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    , Escherichia coli infectionsescherichia coli infectionsSubject Category: Diseases, Disorders, and Symptoms
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    , immunodiagnosisimmunodiagnosisSubject Category: Techniques, Methodologies and Equipment
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    , inactivated vaccinesinactivated vaccinesSubject Category: Commodities and Products
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    , live vaccineslive vaccinesSubject Category: Commodities and Products
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    , pericarditispericarditisSubject Category: Diseases, Disorders, and Symptoms
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    , peritonitisperitonitisSubject Category: Diseases, Disorders, and Symptoms
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    , phylogenyphylogenySubject Category: Miscellaneous
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    , public healthpublic healthSubject Category: Miscellaneous
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    , salmonellosissalmonellosisSubject Category: Diseases, Disorders, and Symptoms
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    , septicaemiasepticaemiaSubject Category: Diseases, Disorders, and Symptoms
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    , serologyserologySubject Category: Disciplines, Occupations and Industries
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    , strainsstrainsSubject Category: Organism Groups
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    , swollen head syndromeswollen head syndromeSubject Category: Diseases, Disorders, and Symptoms
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    , synovitissynovitisSubject Category: Diseases, Disorders, and Symptoms
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    , vertical transmissionvertical transmissionSubject Category: Miscellaneous
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    , zoonoseszoonosesSubject Category: Diseases, Disorders, and Symptoms
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    Identifier(s) : attenuated vaccines, bacterial infections, bacterioses, bacterium, blood poisoning, clinical picture, colibacteriosis, cyclic adenosine monophosphate, cyclic AMP, cyclic GMP, cyclic guanosine monophosphate, E. coli, enzyme linked immunosorbent assay, killed vaccines, Salmonella infections, septicemiasepticemiaSubject Category: Diseases, Disorders, and Symptoms
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    , serological diagnosis, zoonotic infections

    Broader term(s) : vertebratesvertebratesSubject Category: Organism Names
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    , ChordatachordataSubject Category: Organism Names
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    , animalsanimalsSubject Category: Organism Names
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    , eukaryoteseukaryotesSubject Category: Organism Names
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    , EscherichiaescherichiaSubject Category: Organism Names
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    , EnterobacteriaceaeenterobacteriaceaeSubject Category: Organism Names
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    , EnterobacterialesenterobacterialesSubject Category: Organism Names
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    , GammaproteobacteriagammaproteobacteriaSubject Category: Organism Names
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    , ProteobacteriaproteobacteriaSubject Category: Organism Names
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    , BacteriabacteriaSubject Category: Organism Names
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    , prokaryotesprokaryotesSubject Category: Organism Names
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