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  • Extraction tools for identification of chemical contaminants in estuarine and coastal waters to determine toxic pressure on primary producers.

    Author(s) : Booij, P.Sjollema, S. B.Leonards, P. E. G.Voogt, P. deStroomberg, G. J.Vethaak, A. D.Lamoree, M. H.

    Author Affiliation : Institute for Environmental Studies, VU University, De Boelelaan 1087, 1081 HV Amsterdam, Netherlands.

    Author Email : petra.booij@vu.nl

    Journal article : Chemosphere 2013 Vol.93 No.1 pp.107-114

    Abstract : The extent to which chemical stressors affect primary producers in estuarine and coastal waters is largely unknown. However, given the large number of legacy pollutantspollutantsSubject Category: Miscellaneous
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    and chemicals of emerging concern present in the environment, this is an important and relevant issue that requires further study. The purpose of our study was to extract and identify compounds which are inhibitorsinhibitorsSubject Category: Chemicals and Chemical Groups
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    of photosystem IIphotosystem iiSubject Category: Natural Processes
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    activity in microalgae from estuarine and coastal waters. Field sampling was conducted in the Western Scheldt estuary (Hansweert, The Netherlands). We compared four different commonly used extractionextractionSubject Category: Techniques, Methodologies and Equipment
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    methods: passive sampling with silicone rubber sheets, polar organic integrative samplerssamplersSubject Category: Techniques, Methodologies and Equipment
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    (POCIS) and spot waterwaterSubject Category: Chemicals and Chemical Groups
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    sampling using two different solid phase extraction (SPE) cartridges. Toxic effects of extractsextractsSubject Category: Miscellaneous
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    prepared from spot water samples and passive samplers were determined in the Pulse Amplitude Modulation (PAM) fluorometry bioassay. With target chemical analysischemical analysisSubject Category: Techniques, Methodologies and Equipment
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    using LC-MS and GC-MS, a set of PAHs, PCBs and pesticidespesticidesSubject Category: Chemicals and Chemical Groups
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    was determined in field samples. These compound classes are listed as priority substances for the marine environmentmarine environmentSubject Category: Habitats
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    by the OSPAR convention. In addition, recovery experiments with both SPE cartridges were performed to evaluate the extraction suitability of these methods. Passive sampling using silicone rubber sheets and POCIS can be applied to determine compounds with different structuresstructuresSubject Category: Infrastructure
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    and polarities for further identificationidentificationSubject Category: Techniques, Methodologies and Equipment
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    and determinationdeterminationSubject Category: Techniques, Methodologies and Equipment
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    of toxic pressure on primary producers. The added value of SPE lies in its suitability for quantitative analysis; calibration of passive samplers still needs further investigation for quantification of field concentrations of contaminantscontaminantsSubject Category: Miscellaneous
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    .

    ISSN : 0045-6535

    DOI : 10.1016/j.chemosphere.2013.04.095

    Record Number : 20133310728

    Publisher : Elsevier Ltd

    Location of publication : Oxford

    Country of publication : UK

    Language of text : English

    Indexing terms for this abstract:

    Organism descriptor(s) : algaealgaeSubject Category: Organism Names
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    , plantsplantsSubject Category: Organism Names
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    Descriptor(s) : analysisanalysisSubject Category: Techniques, Methodologies and Equipment
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    , aquatic environmentaquatic environmentSubject Category: Habitats
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    , aquatic organismsaquatic organismsSubject Category: Organism Groups
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    , aquatic plantsaquatic plantsSubject Category: Organism Groups
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    , bioassaysbioassaysSubject Category: Techniques, Methodologies and Equipment
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    , chemical analysischemical analysisSubject Category: Techniques, Methodologies and Equipment
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    , coastal areascoastal areasSubject Category: Habitats
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    , contaminantscontaminantsSubject Category: Miscellaneous
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    , contaminationcontaminationSubject Category: Miscellaneous
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    , determinationdeterminationSubject Category: Techniques, Methodologies and Equipment
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    , estuariesestuariesSubject Category: Topographic Features
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    , extractionextractionSubject Category: Techniques, Methodologies and Equipment
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    , extractsextractsSubject Category: Miscellaneous
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    , identificationidentificationSubject Category: Techniques, Methodologies and Equipment
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    , inhibitorsinhibitorsSubject Category: Chemicals and Chemical Groups
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    , marine environmentmarine environmentSubject Category: Habitats
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    , pesticidespesticidesSubject Category: Chemicals and Chemical Groups
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    , photosystem IIphotosystem iiSubject Category: Natural Processes
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    , pollutantspollutantsSubject Category: Miscellaneous
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    , pollutionpollutionSubject Category: Miscellaneous
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    , polychlorinated biphenylspolychlorinated biphenylsSubject Category: Chemicals and Chemical Groups
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    , samplerssamplersSubject Category: Techniques, Methodologies and Equipment
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    , structuresstructuresSubject Category: Infrastructure
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    , waterwaterSubject Category: Chemicals and Chemical Groups
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    Identifier(s) : aquatic species, environmental pollution, PCBs, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons

    Geographical Location(s) : NetherlandsnetherlandsSubject Category: Geographic Entities
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    Broader term(s) : plantsplantsSubject Category: Organism Names
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    , eukaryoteseukaryotesSubject Category: Organism Names
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    , BeneluxbeneluxSubject Category: Institutions and Organisations
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    , Developed Countriesdeveloped countriesSubject Category: Miscellaneous
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    , European Union Countrieseuropean union countriesSubject Category: Institutions and Organisations
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    , Kingdom of the Netherlandskingdom of the netherlandsSubject Category: Geographic Entities
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    , OECD Countriesoecd countriesSubject Category: Institutions and Organisations
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    , Western Europewestern europeSubject Category: Geographic Entities
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    , EuropeeuropeSubject Category: Geographic Entities
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