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  • Enhancing life prospects of socially vulnerable youth through sport participation: a mixed methods study.

    Author(s) : Super, S.Hermens, N.Verkooijen, K.Koelen, M.

    Author Affiliation : Wageningen UR, Department of Social Sciences, Health and Society Group, P.O. Box 8130, 6700 EW Wageningen, Netherlands.

    Author Email : sabina.super@wur.nlniels.hermens@wur.nlkirsten.verkooijen@wur.nlmaria.koelen@wur.nl

    Journal article : BMC Public Health 2014 Vol.14 No.703 pp.(9 July 2014) ref.63

    Abstract : Background: Sport participation has been associated with improved life prospects such as academic performance and employability prospects. As such, promoting sport participation might be a way to increase life prospects, especially for socially vulnerable youth because they are less physically active than their peers. However, the evidence for the causal effect of sport participation on these outcomes is still limited and little is known about factors that play a role in this possible effect. The aim of this study is four-fold. First, the causal effect of sport participation on life prospects is studied and the underlying mechanisms of this relation are explored. Secondly, the life experiences of the youngsters in the sport context, that may contribute to skill development, are studied. Thirdly, social conditions for a positive effect are explored, as sport is likely to have a positive effect under specific conditions. Fourthly, this study aims to provide insights on the elements of successful partnerships between youth care organisations and local sport clubs. Methods and design: This protocol reports on a mixed method study. An intervention that aims to increase the sport participation of socially vulnerable youth, between 12-23 years old, is implemented in three regions of a Rotterdam youth care organisation. The youngsters in the two control regions receive care-as-usual. The main outcome variables, collected via questionnaires, are the life prospect, sense of coherence and self-regulation skills of the youngsters after 6 and 18 months of follow-up. The Motivational Climate Scale is administered to explore the social conditions for a positive effect and interviews are conducted with sport coaches to explore their role in skill development. Interviews with the youngsters are conducted to gain insight on the life experiences that may lead to skill development. The elements of successful partnerships are collected during interviews with youth care professionals, sport coaches and other stakeholders in the sport context. Discussion: The results of this study can support efforts of youth care organisations and local sport clubs to improve the life prospects of socially vulnerable youth through sport participation.

    ISSN : 1471-2458

    URL : http://www.biomedcentral.com/content/...

    Record Number : 20143254114

    Publisher : BioMed Central Ltd

    Location of publication : London

    Country of publication : UK

    Language of text : English

    Language of summary : English

    Indexing terms for this abstract:

    Organism descriptor(s) : man

    Descriptor(s) : motivation, participation, psychosocial aspects, quality of life, risk groups, skills, sport, youth

    Geographical Location(s) : Netherlands

    Broader term(s) : Homo, Hominidae, primates, mammals, vertebrates, Chordata, animals, eukaryotes, Benelux, Developed Countries, European Union Countries, Kingdom of the Netherlands, OECD Countries, Western Europe, Europe