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  • Establishment and yield of perennial grass monocultures and binary mixtures for bioenergy in North Dakota.

    Author(s) : Wang, G. J.Nyren, P.Xue, Q. W.Aberle, E.Eriksmoen, E.Tjelde, T.Liebig, M.Nichols, K.Nyren, A.

    Author Affiliation : Central Grasslands Research Extension Center, North Dakota State Univ., 4824 48th Ave SE, Streeter, ND 58483, USA.

    Author Email : guojie.wang@ndsu.edu

    Journal article : Agronomy Journal 2014 Vol.106 No.5 pp.1605-1613

    Abstract : To develop appropriate bioenergybioenergySubject Category: Miscellaneous
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    production systems to match site-specific situations, establishmentestablishmentSubject Category: Miscellaneous
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    and yield were evaluated for switchgrass (Panicum virgatumpanicum virgatumSubject Category: Organism Names
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    L.), intermediate wheatgrass [Thinopyrum intermediumthinopyrum intermediumSubject Category: Organism Names
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    (Host) Barkworth and D.R. Dewey], tall wheatgrass [Thinopyrum ponticum (Podp.) Z.-W. Liu and R.-C. Wang], and three binary mixtures at four sites in North Dakotanorth dakotaSubject Category: Geographic Entities
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    from 2006 to 2011. One year after seeding in 2007, intermediate wheatgrass, tall wheatgrass, a binary mixture of tall wheatgrass and intermediate wheatgrass, and a binary mixture of tall wheatgrass with 'Sunburst' switchgrass (dominated by tall wheatgrass) stand canopycanopySubject Category: Anatomical and Morphological Structures
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    cover was above 85% at all four sites. Sunburst switchgrass and its binary mixture with big bluestem (Andropogon gerardiiandropogon gerardiiSubject Category: Organism Names
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    Vitman) stand canopy cover reached 100% at Carrington, the most eastern site; and below 35% at Williston, the most western site, 1 yr after seeding. Meanwhile, their stand canopy cover was more than 70% at Minot and Streeter, the north central and south central sites, respectively, 2 to 3 yr after seeding. Sunburst switchgrass produced the highest biomass at Carrington (10.6±1.8 Mg ha-1), whereas intermediate wheatgrass was the highest at Williston (3.0±1.0 Mg ha-1). The binary mixture of tall wheatgrass with Sunburst switchgrass had the highest yield at Minot (8.5±2.5 Mg ha-1) and Streeter (6.7±1.9 Mg ha-1). Yields of binary mixtures were at least comparable to and sometimes higher than those of their compositional component monocultures. Binary mixtures with carefully selected species could have potential for bioenergy production systems in North Dakota.

    ISSN : 0002-1962

    DOI : 10.2134/agronj14.0068

    Record Number : 20143326937

    Publisher : American Society of Agronomy

    Location of publication : Madison

    Country of publication : USA

    Language of text : English

    Indexing terms for this abstract:

    Organism descriptor(s) : Andropogon gerardiiandropogon gerardiiSubject Category: Organism Names
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    , Panicum virgatumpanicum virgatumSubject Category: Organism Names
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    , PoaceaepoaceaeSubject Category: Organism Names
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    , Thinopyrum elongatumthinopyrum elongatumSubject Category: Organism Names
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    , Thinopyrum intermediumthinopyrum intermediumSubject Category: Organism Names
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    Descriptor(s) : bioenergybioenergySubject Category: Miscellaneous
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    , biofuelsbiofuelsSubject Category: Chemicals and Chemical Groups
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    , canopycanopySubject Category: Anatomical and Morphological Structures
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    , crop yieldcrop yieldSubject Category: Properties
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    , establishmentestablishmentSubject Category: Miscellaneous
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    , grassesgrassesSubject Category: Organism Groups
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    , monoculturemonocultureSubject Category: Techniques, Methodologies and Equipment
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    , renewable energyrenewable energySubject Category: Miscellaneous
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    , sowingsowingSubject Category: Techniques, Methodologies and Equipment
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    , wild relativeswild relativesSubject Category: Organism Groups
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    Identifier(s) : Elymus elongatus, Elymus hispidus, leaf canopy, plant establishment, seed sowing, United States of America

    Geographical Location(s) : North Dakotanorth dakotaSubject Category: Geographic Entities
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    , USAusaSubject Category: Geographic Entities
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    Broader term(s) : AndropogonandropogonSubject Category: Organism Names
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    , PoaceaepoaceaeSubject Category: Organism Names
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    , PoalespoalesSubject Category: Organism Names
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    , commelinidscommelinidsSubject Category: Organism Names
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    , monocotyledonsmonocotyledonsSubject Category: Organism Names
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    , angiospermsangiospermsSubject Category: Organism Names
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    , SpermatophytaspermatophytaSubject Category: Organism Names
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    , plantsplantsSubject Category: Organism Names
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    , eukaryoteseukaryotesSubject Category: Organism Names
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    , PanicumpanicumSubject Category: Organism Names
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    , Great Plains States of USAgreat plains states of usaSubject Category: Geographic Entities
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    , USAusaSubject Category: Geographic Entities
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    , APEC countriesapec countriesSubject Category: Institutions and Organisations
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    , Developed Countriesdeveloped countriesSubject Category: Miscellaneous
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    , North Americanorth americaSubject Category: Geographic Entities
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    , AmericaamericaSubject Category: Geographic Entities
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    , OECD Countriesoecd countriesSubject Category: Institutions and Organisations
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    , Northern Plains States of USAnorthern plains states of usaSubject Category: Geographic Entities
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    , West North Central States of USAwest north central states of usaSubject Category: Geographic Entities
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    , North Central States of USAnorth central states of usaSubject Category: Geographic Entities
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    , ThinopyrumthinopyrumSubject Category: Organism Names
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