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  • Finding the right compromise between productivity and environmental efficiency on high input tropical dairy farms: a case study.

    Author(s) : Berre, D.Blancard, S.Boussemart, J. P.Leleu, H.Tillard, E.

    Author Affiliation : LEM-CNRS (UMR 8179) and IÉSEG School of Management, 3 Rue de la Digue, 59000 Lille, France.

    Author Email : d.berre@ieseg.frdavid.berre@cirad.fr

    Journal article : Journal of Environmental Management 2014 Vol.146 pp.235-244 ref.many

    Abstract : This study focused on the trade-off between milk productionmilk productionSubject Category: Miscellaneous
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    and its environmental impactenvironmental impactSubject Category: Properties
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    on greenhouse gas (GHG) emissionsemissionsSubject Category: Miscellaneous
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    and nitrogennitrogenSubject Category: Chemicals and Chemical Groups
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    surplus in a high input tropical system. We first identified the objectives of the three main stakeholdersstakeholdersSubject Category: Miscellaneous
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    in the dairy sector (farmersfarmersSubject Category: People Groups
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    , a milk cooperative and environmentalists). The main aim of the farmers and cooperative's scenarios was to increase milk production without additional environmental deterioration but with the possibility of increasing the inputs for the cooperative. The environmentalist's objective was to reduce environmental deterioration. Second, we designed a sustainable intensification scenario combining maximization of milk production and minimization of environmental impacts. Third, the objectives for reducing the eco-inefficiency of dairy systems in Reunion Island were incorporated in a framework for activity analysis, which was used to model a technological approach with desirable and undesirable outputs. Of the four scenarios, the sustainable intensification scenario produced the best results, with a potential decrease of 238 g CO2-e per liter of milk (i.e. a reduction of 13.93% compared to the current level) and a potential 7.72 L increase in milk produced for each kg of nitrogen surplus (i.e. an increase of 16.45% compared to the current level). These results were based on the best practices observed in Reunion Island and optimized manure management, crop-livestock interactions, and production processes. Our results also showed that frontier efficiency analysis can shed new light on the challenge of developing sustainable intensification in high input tropical dairy systems.

    ISSN : 0301-4797

    DOI : 10.1016/j.jenvman.2014.07.008

    Record Number : 20143378499

    Publisher : Elsevier

    Location of publication : Amsterdam

    Country of publication : Netherlands

    Language of text : English

    Indexing terms for this abstract:

    Descriptor(s) : air pollutantsair pollutantsSubject Category: Chemicals and Chemical Groups
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    , air pollutionair pollutionSubject Category: Miscellaneous
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    , air qualityair qualitySubject Category: Properties
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    , animal manuresanimal manuresSubject Category: Miscellaneous
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    , atmosphereatmosphereSubject Category: Miscellaneous
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    , carbon dioxidecarbon dioxideSubject Category: Chemicals and Chemical Groups
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    , case studiescase studiesSubject Category: Techniques, Methodologies and Equipment
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    , cooperativescooperativesSubject Category: Institutions and Organisations
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    , dairy farmsdairy farmsSubject Category: Miscellaneous
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    , emissionsemissionsSubject Category: Miscellaneous
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    , environmental impactenvironmental impactSubject Category: Properties
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    , farmersfarmersSubject Category: People Groups
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    , greenhouse gasesgreenhouse gasesSubject Category: Chemicals and Chemical Groups
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    , milk productionmilk productionSubject Category: Miscellaneous
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    , nitrogennitrogenSubject Category: Chemicals and Chemical Groups
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    , productivityproductivitySubject Category: Properties
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    , stakeholdersstakeholdersSubject Category: Miscellaneous
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    , sustainabilitysustainabilitySubject Category: Properties
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    , tropicstropicsSubject Category: Climate Related
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    Identifier(s) : atmospheric pollution, environmental effects, tropical countries, tropical zones

    Geographical Location(s) : FrancefranceSubject Category: Geographic Entities
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    Broader term(s) : Developed Countriesdeveloped countriesSubject Category: Miscellaneous
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    , European Union Countrieseuropean union countriesSubject Category: Institutions and Organisations
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    , Mediterranean Regionmediterranean regionSubject Category: Biogeographic Regions
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    , OECD Countriesoecd countriesSubject Category: Institutions and Organisations
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    , Western Europewestern europeSubject Category: Geographic Entities
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    , EuropeeuropeSubject Category: Geographic Entities
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