Sanjid, A.; Masjuki, H. H.; Kalam, M. A.; Abedin, M. J.; Rahman, S. M. A.
Author Affiliation :
Centre for Energy Sciences, Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Malaya, 50603 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.
Author Email :
Baby, S.; Yang, D.
Journal article; Conference paper
Conference Title :
5th International Conference on Environmental Science and Development - ICESD 2014, Singapore, 19-20 February 2014.
Mustard biodiesel was produced from waste mustard oil and physicochemical properties were investigated. MB showed superior calorific value (40.404 MJ/kg), oxidation stability (15.92 h), cloud point (5°C) and pour point (-18°C) than any other conventional biodiesels. During engine performance test MB10 and MB20 showed 8-13% higher BSFC and 5-6% lower BTE compared to B0. By contrast, MB blends produced 7-8% less BP and 6-8% less engine torque compared to B0. Engine emission and noise test showed 9-12% higher NO, 24-42% lower HC, 19-40% lower CO and 2-7% lower noise emission for MB blends compared to B0. Besides, comparable engine performance and emission characteristics were found for MB10 and MB20 compared to PB10 and PB20 respectively.
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Indexing terms for this abstract:
biodiesel, bioenergy, biofuels, carbon monoxide, diesel engines, emissions, energy value, exhaust gases, mustard oil, noise, oxidation, physicochemical properties, torque
caloric value, calorie value, calorific value