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  • Grapevines growing under future RCP scenarios in Europe.

    Author(s) : Fraga, H.Malheiro, A. C.Moutinho-Pereira, J.Santos, J. A.

    Author Affiliation : Centre for Research and Technology of Agro-Environment and Biological Sciences (CITAB), Universidade de Trás-os-Montes e Alto Douro, 5000-801 Vila Real, Portugal.

    Author Email : hfraga@utad.pt

    Editors : Edwards, D.Oldroyd, G.

    Journal article; Conference paper : Procedia Environmental Sciences 2015 Vol.29 pp.20

    Conference Title : Agriculture and Climate Change - Adapting Crops to Increased Uncertainty (AGRI 2015), Amsterdam, the Netherlands, 15-17 February 2015.

    Abstract : Introduction: ViticultureviticultureSubject Category: Disciplines, Occupations and Industries
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    is a climate sensitive crop since optimum growth requirements are generally restricted by atmospheric conditions. Given the projected climate changeclimate changeSubject Category: Climate Related
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    scenarios, grapevine growth may be further challenged in the future. Owing to the importance of the vitivinicultural sector in EuropeeuropeSubject Category: Geographic Entities
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    , the assessment of future climatic impacts in viticulture is of utmost relevance for the winemaking sector. Methods: This study was conducted using a 9-member ensemble of regional climate models under the International Panel on Climate Change 4.5 and 8.5 representative concentration pathways (RCPs) until 2050. To evaluate the current and future optimum condition for quality winemaking, the growing degree day is calculated over Europe at a very high spatial resolution (<1 km). Changes in ensemble means are analysed and the climate signal is isolated for each future RCP. Results: As expected, a significant warming is anticipated over Europe in both future scenarios, strengthened in RCP8.5. Over southern Europe, the projected warming is expected to have detrimental impacts on winegrape development and quality, requiring additional measures to deal with heat stressheat stressSubject Category: Miscellaneous
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    . Over central Europe, growing conditions are expected to change into warmer growing seasons, which may result in changes in wine typicity. Conversely, over northern Europe, the warmer climate may prove more suitable for winegrape growth, leading to a northward shift of the current optimum growth conditions for grapevines. Discussion: Climate change is thus expected to impose new challenges for the European winemaking sector. Adaptation measures need to be adequately and timely planned in order to cope with climate change impacts on viticulture. Over the Mediterranean-like climatic regions, these measures may be required for the future suitability of this crop and adaptation to harsh environmental conditions. Over the Atlantic/Continental regions, despite the general increase in suitability, additional measures are also required to adapt to the new climatic conditions.

    ISSN : 1878-0296

    DOI : 10.1016/j.proenv.2015.07.133

    Record Number : 20153361933

    Publisher : Elsevier B. V.

    Location of publication : Amsterdam

    Country of publication : Netherlands

    Language of text : English

    Indexing terms for this abstract:

    Organism descriptor(s) : VitaceaevitaceaeSubject Category: Organism Names
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    , VitisvitisSubject Category: Organism Names
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    , Vitis viniferavitis viniferaSubject Category: Organism Names
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    Descriptor(s) : climate changeclimate changeSubject Category: Climate Related
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    , grapesgrapesSubject Category: Commodities and Products
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    , viticultureviticultureSubject Category: Disciplines, Occupations and Industries
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    , heat stressheat stressSubject Category: Miscellaneous
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    Identifier(s) : climatic change

    Geographical Location(s) : EuropeeuropeSubject Category: Geographic Entities
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    Broader term(s) : VitaceaevitaceaeSubject Category: Organism Names
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    , VitalesvitalesSubject Category: Organism Names
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    , eudicotseudicotsSubject Category: Organism Names
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    , angiospermsangiospermsSubject Category: Organism Names
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    , SpermatophytaspermatophytaSubject Category: Organism Names
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    , plantsplantsSubject Category: Organism Names
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    , eukaryoteseukaryotesSubject Category: Organism Names
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    , VitisvitisSubject Category: Organism Names
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