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Khwairakpam Ratika; Tiwari, D. P.; Mondal, B. C.
Author Affiliation :
Department of Animal Nutrition, College of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, G. B. Pant University of Agriculture and Technology, Pantnagar - 263 145 (U.S. Nagar, Uttarakhand), India.
International Journal of Basic and Applied Agricultural Research
A feeding trial was conducted to discern the effect of dietary incorporation of garlic and turmeric powder as feed additive on growth performance and nutrient utilization in broiler chicks. A total of 120, day-old broiler chicks were divided randomly into 4 treatment groups with 3 replicates each and 10 broiler chicks per replicate. Chicks of treatment T1 (control) were fed basal diet without any supplementation. In the treatments T2, T3 and T4, basal diet was incorporated with 3% garlic powder, 0.5% turmeric powder and 1.5% garlic powder plus 0.25% turmeric powder, respectively. The feeding trial lasted for 42 days viz., 0-21 days (starter phase) and 21-42 days (finisher phase). A metabolism trial was conducted during the 6th week of feeding trial. During the starter phase, the body weight gain of broiler chicks of treatment group T2 (540.50 g) was significantly (P<0.05) higher than other treatment groups T1 (533.49 g) T3 (534.67 g) and T4 (536.41 g). During 21-42 days (finisher phase), the body weight gain of broiler chicks fed garlic T2 (1183.91 g) and garlic plus turmeric powder T4 (1173.71 g) incorporated diet was significantly higher than broiler chicks fed diet incorporated with turmeric powder alone T3 (1163.87 g) and control group T1 (1160.62 g). FCR and performance index were also improved in broiler chicks of treatment groups T2 and T4. The overall body weight gain was recorded highest in T2 fed garlic incorporated diet. Nutrient utilization in terms of dry matter, crude protein and crude fat was significantly (P<0.05) improved in broilers fed diet (T2) incorporated with garlic powder. It was concluded that incorporation of garlic powder as feed additive @ 3% in broiler diet improved weight gain and feed efficiency as well as nutrient utilization.
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G.B. Pant University of Agriculture & Technology
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Organism descriptor(s) :
Allium sativum, birds, Curcuma longa, fowls
animal nutrition, broiler performance, broilers, diets, feed additives, feed conversion efficiency, fowl feeding, garlic, liveweight gain, nutrition physiology, poultry, turmeric
chickens, domesticated birds, liveweight gains
Broader term(s) :
Allium, Amaryllidaceae, Asparagales, monocotyledons, angiosperms, Spermatophyta, plants, eukaryotes, Curcuma, Zingiberaceae, Zingiberales, commelinids, Gallus gallus, Gallus, Phasianidae, Galliformes, birds, vertebrates, Chordata, animals