You are signed in as:
  • IFPRI
  • Signed in via:
  • IP Address

  • Choose a colour
  • Assessing the impacts of water on industry-the case of Asia Pacific Breweries (APB).

    Author(s) : Leusder, C.

    Author Affiliation : Imperial College/Centre for Environmental Policy, London SW7 2AZ, UK.

    Author Email : Christian.Leusder@gmail.com

    Journal article : Water Practice & Technology 2016 Vol.11 No.2 pp.245-259

    Abstract : Industrial water usewater useSubject Category: Miscellaneous
    see more details
    accounts for 22% of global water consumptionconsumptionSubject Category: Properties
    see more details
    and for as much as 60% in high-income countries. Thus, it is a considerable factor when dealing with global water issues. This paper assesses the impacts of water on the brewing industry using the case example Asia Pacific Breweries (APB). By deriving a true cost of water (TCW) via a three-step approach involving (1) desalinationdesalinationSubject Category: Techniques, Methodologies and Equipment
    see more details
    , (2) secondary treatment and (3) reclamationreclamationSubject Category: Techniques, Methodologies and Equipment
    see more details
    , it reflects all water-related risks from physical availability to reputational, environmental, and legal risks in the context of a value-based management framework that embeds sustainabilitysustainabilitySubject Category: Properties
    see more details
    in the company's operational conduct. An excel-based sensitivity model takes into consideration all relevant drivers allowing for a detailed cost breakdownbreakdownSubject Category: Diseases, Disorders, and Symptoms
    see more details
    for each of the three steps. The resulting transparency of what drives the TCW yielded that the main components are energy, carboncarbonSubject Category: Chemicals and Chemical Groups
    see more details
    , and capital costscostsSubject Category: Properties
    see more details
    . As derivativesderivativesSubject Category: Chemicals and Chemical Groups
    see more details
    on all three components exist, they were used to feign a hypothetical water option by replicating its pay-off as a weighted average of energy and carbon derivatives. At APB water accounted for merely 0.4% of total operating costs, but drove 335 times its cost in revenues. The resulting biomassbiomassSubject Category: Miscellaneous
    see more details
    from secondary treatment was also considered for energy recoveryenergy recoverySubject Category: Miscellaneous
    see more details
    through anaerobic digestionanaerobic digestionSubject Category: Miscellaneous
    see more details
    and thermal hydrolysishydrolysisSubject Category: Miscellaneous
    see more details
    . As a result, secondary treatment energy costs were subsequently reduced by 56%. As a result, the application of discriminatory pricing for industrial end-users of water was, therefore, concluded a viable option. Still, the demand-price elasticityelasticitySubject Category: Properties
    see more details
    of the company's products needs to be considered when applying said option to avoid the passing on of costs to consumers. A practical approach is considered involving a revenues per m3 of water over the TCW metric to determine the extent of discriminatory pricing and temporary tax breaks to avoid the passing on of costs to consumers.

    ISSN : 1751-231X

    DOI : 10.2166/wpt.2016.014

    Record Number : 20163234090

    Publisher : IWA Publishing

    Location of publication : London

    Country of publication : UK

    Language of text : English

    Indexing terms for this abstract:

    Descriptor(s) : anaerobic digestionanaerobic digestionSubject Category: Miscellaneous
    see more details
    , anaerobic treatmentanaerobic treatmentSubject Category: Techniques, Methodologies and Equipment
    see more details
    , biomassbiomassSubject Category: Miscellaneous
    see more details
    , breakdownbreakdownSubject Category: Diseases, Disorders, and Symptoms
    see more details
    , carboncarbonSubject Category: Chemicals and Chemical Groups
    see more details
    , consumptionconsumptionSubject Category: Properties
    see more details
    , costscostsSubject Category: Properties
    see more details
    , derivativesderivativesSubject Category: Chemicals and Chemical Groups
    see more details
    , desalinationdesalinationSubject Category: Techniques, Methodologies and Equipment
    see more details
    , digestiondigestionSubject Category: Natural Processes
    see more details
    , effectseffectsSubject Category: Properties
    see more details
    , elasticityelasticitySubject Category: Properties
    see more details
    , energyenergySubject Category: Miscellaneous
    see more details
    , energy recoveryenergy recoverySubject Category: Miscellaneous
    see more details
    , hydrolysishydrolysisSubject Category: Miscellaneous
    see more details
    , impactimpactSubject Category: Properties
    see more details
    , reclamationreclamationSubject Category: Techniques, Methodologies and Equipment
    see more details
    , sustainabilitysustainabilitySubject Category: Properties
    see more details
    , waterwaterSubject Category: Chemicals and Chemical Groups
    see more details
    , water resourceswater resourcesSubject Category: Miscellaneous
    see more details
    , water treatmentwater treatmentSubject Category: Techniques, Methodologies and Equipment
    see more details
    , water usewater useSubject Category: Miscellaneous
    see more details

    Identifier(s) : anaerobic stabilization, costings, desalinization