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  • Prevalence and risk factors of mycobacterial infections in farm and trade cattle in southwestern Nigeria.

    Author(s) : Akinseye, V. O.Adebayo, M. D.Genesis, O. O.Adelakun, O. D.Cadmus, S. I. B.

    Author Affiliation : Department of Veterinary Public Health and Preventive Medicine, University of Ibadan, Ibadan, Nigeria.

    Author Email : simeonc5@gmail.com

    Journal article : Tropical Animal Health and Production 2018 Vol.50 No.4 pp.761-772 ref.70

    Abstract : We evaluated the prevalence of mycobacterial infectionsinfectionsSubject Category: Diseases, Disorders, and Symptoms
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    (i.e., Mycobacterium bovismycobacterium bovisSubject Category: Organism Names
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    and non-tuberculous mycobacteria [NTM]) and their associated risk factorsrisk factorsSubject Category: Properties
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    among cattle herdsherdsSubject Category: Organism Groups
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    and trade cattle in southwestern NigerianigeriaSubject Category: Geographic Entities
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    . Through cross-sectional study design, cattle herds from three locations were screened using the single intradermal comparative cervical tuberculintuberculinSubject Category: Chemicals and Chemical Groups
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    test based on two diagnostic standardsstandardsSubject Category: Publications
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    ; more than 4 mm (> 4 mm) and more than 2 mm (> 2 mm) cut-off points. Abattoir study involved screeningscreeningSubject Category: Techniques, Methodologies and Equipment
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    trade cattle for tuberculous lesionslesionsSubject Category: Diseases, Disorders, and Symptoms
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    . Overall, 515 cattle from 45 herds were screened. Using >4 mm, animal level and herd prevalence of 11.7 and 46.7% were recorded, respectively. Applying the >2 mm cut-off, animal level and herd prevalence increased to 31.1 and 60.0%, respectively. Significantly, using the >2 mm cut-off, cattle in medium size herds/extensive management system (OR=1.6; 95% CI 1.1-2.5) and Sokoto Gudalisokoto gudaliSubject Category: Organism Names
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    sokoto gudaliSubject Category: Animal Breeds
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    (OR=2.3; 95% CI 1.4-3.8) were more at risk of being positive reactors, while Rahaji (OR=0.3; 95% CI 0.1-0.7) breeds of cattle and cowscowsSubject Category: Organism Groups
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    in the peri-urban area (OR=0.4; 95% CI 0.2-0.9) were less at risk of being positive reactors. Again, M. avium reactor of 21.7% was observed. In the abattoir, 1797 cattle were examined with 126 lesions suggestive of tuberculosistuberculosisSubject Category: Diseases, Disorders, and Symptoms
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    (TB). Culture/molecular analyses confirmed 2.2% M. bovis and 0.9% NTM infections. Risk factors associated with bovine TB among trade cattle were sex (OR=4.0; 95% CI 1.2-13.5) and age (OR=0.3; 95% CI 0.1-0.9). We confirm 11.7% prevalence of mycobacterial infections among populations of cattle screened with breed and herd size being major risk factors.

    ISSN : 0049-4747

    DOI : 10.1007/s11250-017-1492-4

    Record Number : 20183141501

    Publisher : Springer Berlin

    Location of publication : Heidelberg

    Country of publication : Germany

    Language of text : English

    Indexing terms for this abstract:

    Organism descriptor(s) : cattlecattleSubject Category: Organism Names
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    , MycobacteriummycobacteriumSubject Category: Organism Names
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    , Mycobacterium bovismycobacterium bovisSubject Category: Organism Names
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    , sokoto gudalisokoto gudaliSubject Category: Animal Breeds
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    Descriptor(s) : abattoirsabattoirsSubject Category: Infrastructure
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    , animal healthanimal healthSubject Category: Miscellaneous
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    , bacterial diseasesbacterial diseasesSubject Category: Diseases, Disorders, and Symptoms
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    , bacteriologybacteriologySubject Category: Disciplines, Occupations and Industries
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    , breedsbreedsSubject Category: Organism Groups
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    , cattle breedscattle breedsSubject Category: Organism Groups
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    , cowscowsSubject Category: Organism Groups
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    , diagnosisdiagnosisSubject Category: Techniques, Methodologies and Equipment
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    , herdsherdsSubject Category: Organism Groups
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    , incidenceincidenceSubject Category: Properties
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    , infectionsinfectionsSubject Category: Diseases, Disorders, and Symptoms
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    , lesionslesionsSubject Category: Diseases, Disorders, and Symptoms
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    , livestock numberslivestock numbersSubject Category: Properties
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    , mycobacterial diseasesmycobacterial diseasesSubject Category: Diseases, Disorders, and Symptoms
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    , risk factorsrisk factorsSubject Category: Properties
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    , screeningscreeningSubject Category: Techniques, Methodologies and Equipment
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    , skin testsskin testsSubject Category: Techniques, Methodologies and Equipment
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    , standardsstandardsSubject Category: Publications
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    , tuberculintuberculinSubject Category: Chemicals and Chemical Groups
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    , tuberculosistuberculosisSubject Category: Diseases, Disorders, and Symptoms
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    Identifier(s) : animal breed, animal breeds, bacterial infections, bacterioses, bacterium, intradermal tests, mycobacterial infections, screening tests, slaughterhouses, Sokoto, subsaharan Africa

    Geographical Location(s) : Africa South of Saharaafrica south of saharaSubject Category: Geographic Entities
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    , NigerianigeriaSubject Category: Geographic Entities
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    Broader term(s) : MycobacteriaceaemycobacteriaceaeSubject Category: Organism Names
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    , CorynebacterineaecorynebacterineaeSubject Category: Organism Names
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    , ActinomycetalesactinomycetalesSubject Category: Organism Names
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    , ActinobacteridaeactinobacteridaeSubject Category: Organism Names
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    , ActinobacteriaactinobacteriaSubject Category: Organism Names
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    , BacteriabacteriaSubject Category: Organism Names
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    , prokaryotesprokaryotesSubject Category: Organism Names
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    , MycobacteriummycobacteriumSubject Category: Organism Names
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    , ACP Countriesacp countriesSubject Category: Institutions and Organisations
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    , Anglophone Africaanglophone africaSubject Category: Geographic Entities
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    , AfricaafricaSubject Category: Geographic Entities
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    , Commonwealth of Nationscommonwealth of nationsSubject Category: Institutions and Organisations
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    , Developing Countriesdeveloping countriesSubject Category: Miscellaneous
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    , West Africawest africaSubject Category: Geographic Entities
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    , Africa South of Saharaafrica south of saharaSubject Category: Geographic Entities
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    , cattlecattleSubject Category: Organism Names
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    , BosbosSubject Category: Organism Names
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    , BovidaebovidaeSubject Category: Organism Names
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    , ruminantsruminantsSubject Category: Organism Names
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    , ArtiodactylaartiodactylaSubject Category: Organism Names
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    , mammalsmammalsSubject Category: Organism Names
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    , vertebratesvertebratesSubject Category: Organism Names
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    , ChordatachordataSubject Category: Organism Names
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    , animalsanimalsSubject Category: Organism Names
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    , eukaryoteseukaryotesSubject Category: Organism Names
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