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  • Supplementation with dry Mimosa caesalpiniifolia leaves can reduce the Haemonchus contortus worm burden of goats.

    Author(s) : Brito, D. R. B.Costa Júnior, L. M.Garcia, J. L.Torres-Acosta, J. F. J.Louvandini, H.Cutrim Júnior, J. A. A.Araújo, J. F. M.Soares, E. D. S.

    Author Affiliation : Curso de Zootecnia, Instituto Federal do Maranhão, São Luís, Maranhão, Brazil.

    Author Email : danilobrito@ifma.edu.brlivio.martins@ufma.br

    Journal article : Veterinary Parasitology 2018 Vol.252 pp.47-51 ref.43

    Abstract : Gastrointestinal nematodes (GINs) cause considerable economic losseslossesSubject Category: Properties
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    in grazinggrazingSubject Category: Miscellaneous
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    goat herdsherdsSubject Category: Organism Groups
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    . At present, GIN controlcontrolSubject Category: Miscellaneous
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    cannot rely on conventional anthelmintic (AH) drugs because parasitesparasitesSubject Category: Organism Groups
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    have developed resistance against such drugs. Thus, alternative control methods are being sought to reduce the dependence on AH. Many tannin-rich plantsplantsSubject Category: Organism Names
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    exhibit AH activity and may be used as alternatives for GIN control. Mimosa caesalpiniifoliamimosa caesalpiniifoliaSubject Category: Organism Names
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    is a tannin-rich shrub consumed by small ruminantsruminantsSubject Category: Organism Names
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    in BrazilbrazilSubject Category: Geographic Entities
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    . This study evaluated the in vivo AH effect of M. caesalpiniifolia leaf powder supplementation on GIN egg fecal excretionexcretionSubject Category: Miscellaneous
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    and worm burden in goatsgoatsSubject Category: Organism Names
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    . Plant leavesleavesSubject Category: Anatomical and Morphological Structures
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    were harvested, dried and ground to obtain a powder. Twenty-four castrated male goats, aged six to eight months, with a mean body weightbody weightSubject Category: Properties
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    of 15.0±2.5 kg were used in the experiment. AnimalsanimalsSubject Category: Organism Names
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    were infected orally with 16,000 larvae comprising 50% Haemonchus spp., 41% TrichostrongylustrichostrongylusSubject Category: Organism Names
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    spp. and 9% Oesophagostomum spp. Once the infection was patent, the goats were distributed into four groups of six animals. The control group received concentrate without condensed tanninstanninsSubject Category: Chemicals and Chemical Groups
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    (CTs) and did not receive any drench against GINs. The monepantel group received concentrate without CTs and were drenched once with monepantel. The other two groups received the M. caesalpiniifolia leaf powder in two periods of seven consecutive days (days 1-7 and 14-21), with one of the groups also receiving 10 g of polyethyleneglycol (PEG)/day. The animals were weighed weekly, and individual fecal eggseggsSubject Category: Commodities and Products
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    counts (FECs) were performed daily. After 28 days, the animals were humanly slaughtered, and the worm burden was estimated. Although live weight gainweight gainSubject Category: Miscellaneous
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    and FECs did not differ among the groups (P>0.05), post-mortem worm counts showed a reduction in Haemonchus contortushaemonchus contortusSubject Category: Organism Names
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    adult worm burden (57.7%) in goats of the CT group compared to control goats (P<0.05). The addition of PEG did not diminish AH activity in the CT + PEG group (66.9% reduction compared to the control). No AH effect against other GIN species was found. The result for the addition of PEG suggested that the observed AH activity was associated with plant secondary compounds, as opposed to CTs. As expected, no AH effect against Oesophagostomum columbianumoesophagostomum columbianumSubject Category: Organism Names
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    was found for the monepantel group showed. Thus, feedingfeedingSubject Category: Techniques, Methodologies and Equipment
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    dry leaves of M. caesalpiniifolia represent a promising alternative for the control of GIN infections in goats.

    ISSN : 0304-4017

    DOI : 10.1016/j.vetpar.2018.01.014

    Record Number : 20183141591

    Publisher : Elsevier B.V.

    Location of publication : Amsterdam

    Country of publication : Netherlands

    Language of text : English

    Indexing terms for this abstract:

    Organism descriptor(s) : animalsanimalsSubject Category: Organism Names
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    , goatsgoatsSubject Category: Organism Names
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    , HaemonchushaemonchusSubject Category: Organism Names
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    , Haemonchus contortushaemonchus contortusSubject Category: Organism Names
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    , MimosamimosaSubject Category: Organism Names
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    , NematodanematodaSubject Category: Organism Names
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    , OesophagostomumoesophagostomumSubject Category: Organism Names
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    , Oesophagostomum columbianumoesophagostomum columbianumSubject Category: Organism Names
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    , plantsplantsSubject Category: Organism Names
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    , ruminantsruminantsSubject Category: Organism Names
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    , TrichostrongylustrichostrongylusSubject Category: Organism Names
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    , Mimosa caesalpiniifoliamimosa caesalpiniifoliaSubject Category: Organism Names
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    Descriptor(s) : anthelminticsanthelminticsSubject Category: Chemicals and Chemical Groups
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    , body weightbody weightSubject Category: Properties
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    , controlcontrolSubject Category: Miscellaneous
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    , digestive systemdigestive systemSubject Category: Anatomical and Morphological Structures
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    , eggseggsSubject Category: Commodities and Products
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    , excretionexcretionSubject Category: Miscellaneous
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    , feedingfeedingSubject Category: Techniques, Methodologies and Equipment
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    , gastrointestinal diseasesgastrointestinal diseasesSubject Category: Diseases, Disorders, and Symptoms
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    , grazinggrazingSubject Category: Miscellaneous
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    , helminthoseshelminthosesSubject Category: Diseases, Disorders, and Symptoms
    see more details
    , helminthshelminthsSubject Category: Organism Groups
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    , herdsherdsSubject Category: Organism Groups
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    , infectionsinfectionsSubject Category: Diseases, Disorders, and Symptoms
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    , leavesleavesSubject Category: Anatomical and Morphological Structures
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    , losseslossesSubject Category: Properties
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    , nematode infectionsnematode infectionsSubject Category: Diseases, Disorders, and Symptoms
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    , parasitesparasitesSubject Category: Organism Groups
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    , parasitologyparasitologySubject Category: Disciplines, Occupations and Industries
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    , parasitosesparasitosesSubject Category: Diseases, Disorders, and Symptoms
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    , tanninstanninsSubject Category: Chemicals and Chemical Groups
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    , weight gainweight gainSubject Category: Miscellaneous
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    Identifier(s) : alimentary tract, gastrointestinal system, nematodes, parasitic diseases, parasitic infestations, parasitic worms, parasitosis, tannic acid

    Geographical Location(s) : BrazilbrazilSubject Category: Geographic Entities
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    Broader term(s) : eukaryoteseukaryotesSubject Category: Organism Names
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    , CapracapraSubject Category: Organism Names
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    , BovidaebovidaeSubject Category: Organism Names
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    , ruminantsruminantsSubject Category: Organism Names
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    , ArtiodactylaartiodactylaSubject Category: Organism Names
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    , mammalsmammalsSubject Category: Organism Names
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    , vertebratesvertebratesSubject Category: Organism Names
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    , ChordatachordataSubject Category: Organism Names
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    , animalsanimalsSubject Category: Organism Names
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    , HaemonchidaehaemonchidaeSubject Category: Organism Names
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    , RhabditidarhabditidaSubject Category: Organism Names
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    , ChromadoriachromadoriaSubject Category: Organism Names
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    , ChromadoreachromadoreaSubject Category: Organism Names
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    , NematodanematodaSubject Category: Organism Names
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    , invertebratesinvertebratesSubject Category: Organism Names
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    , HaemonchushaemonchusSubject Category: Organism Names
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    , MimosoideaemimosoideaeSubject Category: Organism Names
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    , FabaceaefabaceaeSubject Category: Organism Names
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    , FabalesfabalesSubject Category: Organism Names
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    , eudicotseudicotsSubject Category: Organism Names
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    , angiospermsangiospermsSubject Category: Organism Names
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    , SpermatophytaspermatophytaSubject Category: Organism Names
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    , plantsplantsSubject Category: Organism Names
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    , ChabertiidaechabertiidaeSubject Category: Organism Names
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    , OesophagostomumoesophagostomumSubject Category: Organism Names
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    , TrichostrongylidaetrichostrongylidaeSubject Category: Organism Names
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    , MimosamimosaSubject Category: Organism Names
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    , Community of Portuguese Language Countriescommunity of portuguese language countriesSubject Category: Institutions and Organisations
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    , Developing Countriesdeveloping countriesSubject Category: Miscellaneous
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    , Latin Americalatin americaSubject Category: Geographic Entities
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    , AmericaamericaSubject Category: Geographic Entities
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    , South Americasouth americaSubject Category: Geographic Entities
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    , Threshold Countriesthreshold countriesSubject Category: Miscellaneous
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