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  • Ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) and spiders (Araneae) co-occurring in the ground of vineyards from Douro Demarcated Region.

    Author(s) : Gonçalves, F.Zina, V.Carlos, C.Crespo, L.Oliveira, I.Torres, L.

    Author Affiliation : Centre for the Research and Technology of Agro-Environmental and Biological Sciences, University of Trás-os-Montes and Alto Douro, Vila Real, Portugal.

    Author Email : mariafg@utad.pt

    Journal article : Sociobiology 2017 Vol.64 No.4 pp.404-416 ref.many

    Abstract : This study, held in vineyardsvineyardsSubject Category: Miscellaneous
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    from Douro Demarcated Region, aimed to: (a) identify the communities and main functional groups of spiders and ants; (b) check patterns of cooccurrence between the two communities; and (c) evaluate the impact of ground coverground coverSubject Category: Miscellaneous
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    and non-crop habitatshabitatsSubject Category: Habitats
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    adjacent to vineyards, on the two communities. Samplings were done using pitfall trapping. Twenty species of ants and 44 species of spiders were identified. The most abundant were: AphaenogasteraphaenogasterSubject Category: Organism Names
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    gibbosa
    (Latreille 1798), Aphaenogaster iberica Emery 1908, CataglyphiscataglyphisSubject Category: Organism Names
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    hispanica
    (Emery 1906), Cataglyphis iberica (Emery 1906), Messor barbarusmessor barbarusSubject Category: Organism Names
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    (L. 1767) and Tapinoma nigerrimumtapinoma nigerrimumSubject Category: Organism Names
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    (Nylander 1856) which totalized 71.21% of ants; and AlopecosaalopecosaSubject Category: Organism Names
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    albofasciata
    (Brullé 1832), CallilepiscallilepisSubject Category: Organism Names
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    concolor
    Simon 1914, Eratigena feminea Simon 1870, ZodarionzodarionSubject Category: Organism Names
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    alacre
    (Simon 1870) and Zodarion styliferum (Simon 1870) which accounted for 38% of spiders. Three Iberian endemic ants and nine Iberian endemic spiders were also identified. Abundance of both ant-mimicking and ant-eating spiders were positively correlated with abundance of Formicinae, while only abundance of ant-eating spiders showed positive correlation with abundance of Myrmicinae ants. All genera/species of ant-associated spider were associated with one or more genera/specie of ants. Both spiders and ants have not benefited from the adjacent non-crop habitat. Sheet web weaver spiders were found to be positively correlated with the percentage of ground cover. These results show that (a) vineyard agroecosystem support a rich assemblage of ants and spiders evincing that wine production and species conservation is possible and (b) non-random co-occurrence between ants and ant-associated spiders exist in the field.

    ISSN : 0361-6525

    DOI : 10.13102/sociobiology.v64i4.1934

    Record Number : 20193284082

    Publisher : Universidade Estadual de Feira de Santana

    Location of publication : Bahia

    Country of publication : Brazil

    Language of text : English

    Indexing terms for this abstract:

    Organism descriptor(s) : AgelenidaeagelenidaeSubject Category: Organism Names
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    , AlopecosaalopecosaSubject Category: Organism Names
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    , AphaenogasteraphaenogasterSubject Category: Organism Names
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    , AraneaearaneaeSubject Category: Organism Names
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    , CallilepiscallilepisSubject Category: Organism Names
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    , CataglyphiscataglyphisSubject Category: Organism Names
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    , FormicidaeformicidaeSubject Category: Organism Names
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    , insectsinsectsSubject Category: Organism Names
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    , Messor barbarusmessor barbarusSubject Category: Organism Names
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    , Tapinoma nigerrimumtapinoma nigerrimumSubject Category: Organism Names
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    , VitisvitisSubject Category: Organism Names
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    , Vitis viniferavitis viniferaSubject Category: Organism Names
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    , ZodarionzodarionSubject Category: Organism Names
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    Descriptor(s) : ecosystemsecosystemsSubject Category: Habitats
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    , endemic speciesendemic speciesSubject Category: Organism Groups
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    , grapesgrapesSubject Category: Commodities and Products
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    , ground coverground coverSubject Category: Miscellaneous
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    , habitatshabitatsSubject Category: Habitats
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    , native speciesnative speciesSubject Category: Organism Groups
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    , social insectssocial insectsSubject Category: Organism Groups
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    , species diversityspecies diversitySubject Category: Properties
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    , species richnessspecies richnessSubject Category: Properties
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    , vineyardsvineyardsSubject Category: Miscellaneous
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    Identifier(s) : Alopecosa albofasciata, Aphaenogaster gibbosa, Aphaenogaster iberica, Callilepis concolor, Cataglyphis hispanica, Cataglyphis iberica, endemic organisms, Eratigena feminea, spiders, Zodarion alacre, Zodarion styliferum

    Geographical Location(s) : PortugalportugalSubject Category: Geographic Entities
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    Broader term(s) : AraneaearaneaeSubject Category: Organism Names
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    , ArachnidaarachnidaSubject Category: Organism Names
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    , arthropodsarthropodsSubject Category: Organism Names
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    , invertebratesinvertebratesSubject Category: Organism Names
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    , animalsanimalsSubject Category: Organism Names
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    , eukaryoteseukaryotesSubject Category: Organism Names
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    , LycosidaelycosidaeSubject Category: Organism Names
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    , FormicidaeformicidaeSubject Category: Organism Names
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    , HymenopterahymenopteraSubject Category: Organism Names
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    , insectsinsectsSubject Category: Organism Names
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    , HexapodahexapodaSubject Category: Organism Names
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    , AsteraceaeasteraceaeSubject Category: Organism Names
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    , AsteralesasteralesSubject Category: Organism Names
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    , eudicotseudicotsSubject Category: Organism Names
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    , angiospermsangiospermsSubject Category: Organism Names
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    , SpermatophytaspermatophytaSubject Category: Organism Names
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    , plantsplantsSubject Category: Organism Names
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    , MessormessorSubject Category: Organism Names
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    , Community of Portuguese Language Countriescommunity of portuguese language countriesSubject Category: Institutions and Organisations
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    , Developed Countriesdeveloped countriesSubject Category: Miscellaneous
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    , European Union Countrieseuropean union countriesSubject Category: Institutions and Organisations
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    , Mediterranean Regionmediterranean regionSubject Category: Biogeographic Regions
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    , OECD Countriesoecd countriesSubject Category: Institutions and Organisations
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    , Southern Europesouthern europeSubject Category: Geographic Entities
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    , EuropeeuropeSubject Category: Geographic Entities
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    , TapinomatapinomaSubject Category: Organism Names
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    , VitisvitisSubject Category: Organism Names
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    , VitaceaevitaceaeSubject Category: Organism Names
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    , VitalesvitalesSubject Category: Organism Names
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