Focus on: East Asia & Pacific

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 Pacific islands struggle with hepatitis B in newborns [Nouméa] The Pacific island nations are falling back on immunisation targets, especially those for diseases spread through mother-to-child transmission, according to WHO officials. Po Lin Chan, medical officer at the WHO regional office, explains to SciDev.Net that...

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Factors influencing the compliance of pregnant women with iron and folic acid supplementation in the Philippines: 2017 Philippine demographic and health survey analysis. Anemia in pregnancy, which is a public health concern for most developing countries, is predominantly caused by iron deficiency. At least, 180 days of iron and folic acid (IFA) supplementation is recommended for pregnant women to mitigate anemia and its adverse effects. This study aimed to examine...

Combination of univariate long-short term memory network and wavelet transform for predicting dengue case density in the National Capital Region, the Philippines. Use of machine learning algorithms on public health big data has paved the way in helping to understand complex associations between diseases and environment. However, in cases where informative prediction of a pathogen spread or transmission is still equivocal, a rapidly deployable independent...

Prevalence of Schistosoma japonicum in bovines and Oncomelania hupensis quadrasi from ricefields surrounding lake Mainit, Philippines. Schistosomiasis is a parasitic disease caused by blood flukes of the genus Schistosoma and involves bovines and snails as a reservoir and intermediate hosts, respectively. This disease is endemic in Lake Mainit, Philippines, as early as 1947. The study was conducted to determine the prevalence of...

High TB burden and low notification rates in the Philippines: the 2016 national TB prevalence survey. Setting: The 3rd national tuberculosis (TB) survey in the Philippines in 2007 reported a significant decline in the prevalence of TB. Since then, more significant investments for TB control have been made, yet TB burden estimates from routine surveillance data remain relatively stable. Objective:...

Defining risk in food safety in the Philippines. Food safety is a fundamental public health concern that is dependent on various factors such as changing global food production patterns, public expectations, and international trade policies.1,2 As a member of the World Trade Organization, the Philippines has agreed to follow the Uruguay Round of...

Effectiveness of clinic-based cardiovascular disease prevention: a randomized encouragement design experiment in the Philippines. Rationale: Evidence on effectiveness of routine clinic-based cardiovascular disease (CVD) prevention in low- and middle-income countries is lacking. This study aimed to provide evidence on exposure to primary prevention of CVDs obtained through visits to public health clinics in the Philippines...


CABI book chapters (your subscription gives you fulltext access to selected chapters)

Fukushima nuclear accident: potential health effects inferred from butterfly and human cases. Fukushima Dai-ichi Nuclear Power Plant released massive amounts of radioactive materials in 2011, resulting in environmental pollution in the Tohoku-Kanto districts of Japan. Biological effects of this nuclear accident have been examined using the pale grass blue butterfly, Zizeeria maha, as an...

Economic evaluation of integrated mosquito control in urban areas. The objective of the article was to focus on the economic impact and evaluation of area-wide pest management (AWPM) to mitigate and control Aedes albopictus, also known as the Asian tiger mosquito, a vector that carries a number of mosquito-borne diseases and is a source of nuisance.

Health and safety considerations. Standard health and safety protocols are needed in all breeding trial activities, and these include activities in the field, nursery and the laboratory. The official standards can vary depending on country and regulations, but good standards should be maintained whatever requirements are officially...

 

CAB Reviews – CABI’s e-Journal

Food provenance: assuring product integrity and identity. Food supply chains are highly complex and involve numerous actors who influence food safety and the integrity of products and processes, both at individual points in the supply chain and more holistically throughout the chain as a whole. Provenance can relate to a particular source or origin of a...

Lymphatic filariasis in the Southeast Asian region; status and control options. The Global Program to Eliminate Lymphatic Filariasis (GPELF) was launched in year 2000 by the World Health Organization (WHO) with the goal set for elimination by 2020. Over half the global disease burden lies in the Southeast Asian region (SEAR). The preventive chemotherapy (PC) programme has been...

Leprosy: current status and clinical management. Around the world nations have adopted the global leprosy strategy 2016-2020 developed by the world health organization to achieve the objective of a leprosy-free world. Despite the disease having been declared as eliminated from most developed nations and parts of the world, every year more than...

 

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