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Focus on: Hepatitis Awareness Day 2020

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Hepatitis: finding the undiagnosed millions The World Health Organization estimates that 325 million people worldwide are living with hepatitis but 80% do not know they have it. On July 28th the WHO has called for raised awareness of hepatitis in all its forms. The theme for the 2020 awareness day is ‘the missing millions’,... search all news

Articles

A risk factor for hepatitis B virus exposure in homeless adults. The prevalence of hepatitis B virus (HBV) in the homeless population is underestimated despite multiple behavioral risks. Data from a sample of 534 homeless adults from downtown Los Angeles were analyzed to examine the prevalence and predictors of HBV infection in this community. The prevalence of...

European survey of hepatitis B vaccination policies for healthcare workers: an updated overview. Background: The risk of transmission of bloodborne pathogens, including hepatitis B virus (HBV) to healthcare workers (HCWs) is well known. In 2005 we performed a survey on HBV prevention in HCWs in the European Union (EU). An update of the 2005 survey deemed necessary as an EU Council Directive...

Securing sustainable funding for viral hepatitis elimination plans. The majority of people infected with chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) in the European Union (EU) remain undiagnosed and untreated. During recent years, immigration to EU has further increased HCV prevalence. It has been estimated that, out of the 4.2 million adults affected by HCV infection in the...

Hepatitis B testing: old tricks for newborn players. We describe 2 preterm neonates with transient hepatitis B surface (HBs) antigenemia detected after Hepatitis B vaccination. Repeat serology in both cases tested negative for hepatitis B surface antigen, confirming transient HBs antigenemia. The duration of transient HBs antigenemia affirms current...

Moving towards hepatitis B elimination in gulf health council states: from commitment to action. Introduction: In 2016, the World Health Assembly adopted the hepatitis B (HB) elimination strategy that aims at ending HB by 2030. In this descriptive review we provide the progress made and challenges to achieving hepatitis B elimination by 2030 in Gulf Health Cooperated (GHC) states. Methods:...


CABI book chapters (your subscription gives you fulltext access to selected chapters)

The invasive mosquitoes of medical importance. Mosquitoes (Diptera: Culicidae) are the most important group of blood-sucking insects that are vectors of human diseases. This chapter focuses mainly on six species belonging to the Aedes, Culex and Anopheles genera, which, closely adapted to human habitats for thousands of years, have exploited...

Modelling bacterial population growth. This chapter provides a detailed methodological framework for modelling bacterial population growth using physical processes, with Salmonella spp. as an illustrative example. It describes the development and application of an exponential model for studying bacterial population growth. Models of...

Aflatoxin exposure and impaired child growth in West Africa: an unexplored international public health burden? Aflatoxins are common contaminants of staple foods in sub-Saharan Africa. These toxins are human hepatocarcinogens, especially in combination with chronic infection with hepatitis B virus. Exposure to aflatoxins begins early in life and recent studies in West Africa demonstrated an association...


CAB Reviews – CABI’s e-Journal

Human African trypanosomiasis: current status and eradication efforts. Epidemics of human African trypanosomiasis (HAT) in the twentieth century led to millions of deaths. However, since the start of the twenty-first century, there has been a continued decline in the number of reported cases, due to increased investment and prioritisation of control efforts....

Onchocerciasis: status and progress towards elimination. Craw craw was first described almost 150 years ago. Since then considerable progress has been made in understanding the Onchocerca volvulus life cycle, its effects on the host (blindness, skin disease and epilepsy) and potential control measures. Early attempts were aimed at controlling the black...

Buruli ulcer: currents status and options for future prevention. Buruli ulcer (BU) is a serious skin disease caused by Mycobacterium ulcerans infection. Over the last 10 years, the understanding of the epidemiology, ecology, aetiology and physiopathology of BU has progressed considerably. This paper reviews the current knowledge of BU and the options for future...

Hand washing - its role in preventing water, foodborne and healthcare-associated diseases. The rise in indices of infectious diseases and antimicrobial resistance is a cause for concern and calls for multiple approaches for control to be considered. The most exposed parts of the body, such as hands, skin, head and the face are a leading source of these pathogens. Hands in particular are...

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