Focus on: North America

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US Gun violence increased during pandemic The Covid-19 pandemic has caused a spike in violence-related deaths as the gun violence epidemic in the United States reaches new proportions, reports The Guardian newspaper. Those most affected by the gun-related violence are often the most disadvantaged in society, and of those that are killed,...

Articles

Distribution of Culex coronator in the USA. In 1920, Culex coronator was reported from San Benito, Texas, and later in Arizona, New Mexico, and Oklahoma. In 2005, this species was reported to be spreading across the southeastern USA. Now reported in 14 states, it has been found as far north as northern Oklahoma; Memphis, TN; and Suffolk, VA....

Circumstances associated with suicides among females-16 states, United States, 2005-2016. Background: Suicide rates in the United States have been consistently increasing since 2005 and increasing faster among females than among males. Understanding circumstances related to the changes in suicide may help inform prevention programs. This study describes the circumstances associated with...

State-level health care expenditures associated with disability. Objective: Given the growth in national disability-associated health care expenditures (DAHE) and the changes in health insurance-specific DAHE distribution, updated estimates of state-level DAHE are needed. The objective of this study was to update state-level estimates of DAHE. Methods: We...

The growing burden of disability related to chronic liver disease in the United States: data from the global burden of disease study 2007-2017. Chronic liver disease (CLD) causes significant morbidity and mortality in the United States with regional variations. Comparable and consistent state-level measures of CLD-related morbidity and disability among U.S. states have not been well studied. Our aim was to assess the CLD burden within the...

Comprehensive chromatographic profiling of cannabis from 23 USA States marketed for medical purposes. In this research, cannabis varieties represent 23 USA States were assayed by GC-FID to generate their complex chemical profiles informative for plants clustering. Results showed that 45 cannabinoids and terpenoids were quantified in all plant samples, where 8 cannabinoids and 18 terpenoids were...

The descriptive epidemiology of brand-specific gun ownership in the US: results from the 2019 national lawful use of guns survey. Background: No previous study has identified the specific brands of guns owned by gun owners. This study aimed to: (1) ascertain and describe patterns of brand- and model-specific gun ownership among US gun owners; and (2) investigate the relationship between gun owners' brand and model preferences...


CABI book chapters (your subscription gives you fulltext access to selected chapters)

Household pests and their control - mosquitoes. This chapter describes the life cycle of mosquitoes in general and the life cycle and behaviour of particular species such as Aedes aegypti, A. albopictus, Culex quinquefasciatus, Anopheles and Mansonia. The mosquito habitats in urban areas and the control and management of urban mosquitoes are...

Lyme disease in children. This chapter reviews the aetiology, epidemiology, clinical manifestations, diagnosis, treatment, post-treatment prognosis, and prevention of Lyme disease in children. It also briefly discusses "misguided" beliefs about "chronic" Lyme disease, and how clinicians should address them.

Health effects of recreation vehicle noise: laboratory evidence for mood and heart rate. This project aimed to illustrate the numerous ways in which excessive noise in protected areas can have negative impacts on health and wellbeing. A laboratory simulation of national parks was carried out using a sample of graduate and undergraduate students (n=77) who volunteered in exchange for...

 

CAB Reviews – CABI’s e-Journal

The role of climate change on the emergence and spread of dengue and other vector-borne diseases. Vector-borne diseases have a worldwide distribution and are associated with a significant burden causing over one million deaths annually. Dengue and malaria are the most prevalent mosquito-borne diseases globally. Vectors transmit the infections to human and animal hosts and are the primary...

Household pests and their control - mosquitoes. This chapter describes the life cycle of mosquitoes in general and the life cycle and behaviour of particular species such as Aedes aegypti, A. albopictus, Culex quinquefasciatus, Anopheles and Mansonia. The mosquito habitats in urban areas and the control and management of urban mosquitoes are...

The threat of urban yellow fever in tropical America. Yellow fever (YF) is an infectious disease caused by the YF virus (YFV) that, in its most severe form, is characterized by jaundice, fever, liver and renal failure, and neurologic and haemorrhagic manifestations. In the Americas, the virus has two well-established cycles of transmission: the wild...

 

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