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Focus on: World Refugee Day 2020

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World refugee day 2020 – shortfall in funding could spell disaster for refugee support Saturday June 20th 2020 is World Refugee Day. Will the economic impact of COVID-19 lockdown further reduce donor aid? It certainly looks like it.  Take the example of Yemen. 5 years of war has left over 24 million people dependent on aid and over 3.6 million displaced.    UNHCR -... search all news

Articles

From first COVID-19 case to current outbreak: A Vietnamese report. The 2019 novel coronavirus outbreak (now recognized as SARS-CoV-2, triggering the COVID-19 disease) has spread from Wuhan throughout China and has been distributed to an increasing range of countries. Early activity has concentrated on explaining the course of the disease, reporting critical...

The economic burden of cancer care for Syrian refugees: a population-based modelling study. Background Cancer represents a substantial health burden for refugees and host countries. However, no reliable data on the costs of cancer care for refugees are available, which limits the planning of official development assistance in humanitarian settings. We aimed to model the direct costs of...

Food transfers, electronic food vouchers and child nutritional status among Rohingya children living in Bangladesh. Objective: To examine associations between receipt of an electronic food voucher (e-voucher) compared to food rations on the nutritional status of Rohingya children living in refugee camps in Bangladesh. Methods: This is an associational study using cross-sectional data. We measured heights and...

Infectious-disease screening and vaccination for refugees and asylum seekers entering Europe in 2015–16: a scoping study of Six European Union Countries. In 2015, more than 1 million asylum seekers and refugees arrived in Europe. Information on how European countries addressed the prevention and control of infectious diseases among these populations during and after this period is limited. This study is based on 27 semi-structured interviews...

A digital communication assistance tool (DCAT) to obtain medical history from foreign-language patients: development and pilot testing in a primary health care center for refugees. Background: Language barriers play a critical role in the treatment of migrant and refugee patients. In Germany, primary care interpreters are often not available especially in rural areas or if patients demand spontaneous or urgent consultations. Methods: In order to enable patients and their...


CABI book chapters (your subscription gives you fulltext access to selected chapters)

Animal-human transmission models. This chapter describes animal-human transmission (mathematical) models that aim to relate human disease frequency to the animal reservoir, providing a mechanism for the comparison of the effectiveness of interventions in humans and animals. Brucellosis, rabies, mosquito-borne diseases (e.g. Rift...

Preparedness and response to pandemics and other infectious disease emergencies. This chapter discusses the principles and practice of emergency preparedness and response as applied to infectious disease emergencies, using influenza as an example. It describes the epidemiology and spread of pandemic influenza, the detection and tracking of influenza viruses, principles of...

International tourism and infectious disease: managing the SARS crisis in Singapore. This chapter discusses the 2003 outbreak of severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS), which posed unprecedented problems for certain destinations at the centre of the epidemic. After an introduction to selected health risks linked to travel, SARS and its consequences for tourism are examined with...

The animal connection. This chapter reviews the animal origins of some of the most serious infectious diseases of humans, which include human immunodeficiency virus infections, severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus, and Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease. It also discusses the role of bats as a reservoir host for other...

The ecological transition. Exposure to the risk factors that increase vulnerability to trauma and non-communicable diseases (NCDs), such as pollutants, poor diet, poor air quality and increased conflict, disaster and extreme weather events, is driven by a third mega-trend: human development and progress. This chapter focuses...

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CAB Reviews – CABI’s e-Journal

Hand washing - its role in preventing water, foodborne and healthcare-associated diseases. The rise in indices of infectious diseases and antimicrobial resistance is a cause for concern and calls for multiple approaches for control to be considered. The most exposed parts of the body, such as hands, skin, head and the face are a leading source of these pathogens. Hands in particular are...

New media methods for syndromic surveillance and disease modelling. Morbidity and mortality associated with an infectious disease outbreak can be mitigated by early detection followed by swift action. Modelling, tracking and predicting disease outbreaks are therefore priorities for public health agencies. New media data sources, including social media platforms,...

Changing attitudes to female genital mutilation: an integrative research review of recent literature on FGM in Nigeria. In Nigeria, 19.9 million girls and women aged between 15 and 49 years underwent female genital mutilation (FGM) between 2004 and 2015, making it a red-flag nation in terms of the practice. The paper notes the issues of bodily, medical, sexual and psychological harm and disability associated with...

Gender and nutrition security. Many studies on nutrition that include gender do not take it further than observing male-female differences. In this review, I use the concept in the sociological sense and I conceptualize nutrition as embedded in household food security and pertaining to (gendered) performances that require...

Food and geopolitics: when food security and hard security considerations converge - mini review. In academic research on food security, developmental and technocratic perspectives prevail. Raising agricultural productivity sustainably, guaranteeing accessibility of food to vulnerable segments of the population and nutritional impacts are at the centre of attention. Yet, food security also...

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