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Wildfire pollution linked to fatal heart, respiratory illness [NEW DELHI] A study into the impact of fine particles generated by wildfires has confirmed the link between these toxic pollutants and increased deaths from respiratory and heart-related deaths worldwide, researchers say. Particulate matter smaller than 2.5 micrometres released by wildfires...

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Family influences on health and nutrition practices of pregnant adolescents in Bangladesh. Adolescent pregnancy can result in serious risks to the mother and her baby; yet, adolescents are among the least likely to access healthcare. Specific nutrition or antenatal care (ANC) guidelines for supporting pregnant adolescents are not available. To understand experiences and decision-making...

District-level epidemiology, hot spots and sociodemographic determinants of tobacco use in Indian men and women: analysis of national family health survey-4 (2015-16). Objectives: To map district-level tobacco hot spots and understand the Sociodemographic Indices (SDI) influencing tobacco consumption in Indian men and women. Study design: Cross-sectional study. Methods: Tobacco use data from 640 districts of India were extracted from National Family Health...

Proximate composition and nutritive value of some leafy vegetables from Faisalabad, Pakistan. The supply of nutrients and proximate matter is insufficient to fulfil the dietary needs of the quickly expanding human population. Green leafy vegetables can prove economical sources of minerals, vitamins and fibers to overcome nutritional deficiencies. Five leafy vegetables (Brassica juncea,...

Insights from genomes and genetic epidemiology of SARS-CoV-2 isolates from the state of Andhra Pradesh. Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) emerged from a city in China and has now spread as a global pandemic affecting millions of individuals. The causative agent, severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), is being extensively studied in terms of its genetic epidemiology using...

Prevalence of low serum zinc concentrations in Indian children and adolescents: findings from the Comprehensive National Nutrition Survey 2016-18. Background: It is thought that there is a high risk of zinc deficiency in India, but there are no representative national estimates. Objectives: We aimed to evaluate the national and state-level prevalence of low serum zinc concentrations (SZCs) in Indian children from the nationally representative...

India can consider integration of three eliminable disease control programmes on malaria, lymphatic filariasis, and visceral leishmaniasis. Disease-specific programs are usually focused on a specific health problem or issue. These programs are supervised and executed through a single vehicle. Integrated programs, on the other hand, are aimed at tackling a broad range of health problems. Several disease control programs like the Global...


CABI book chapters (your subscription gives you fulltext access to selected chapters)

Diversifying rice-centric agriculture and diets: the Bangladesh experience. This chapter reviews recent policy developments in agriculture and nutrition in Bangladesh,and then draws upon household-level data to examine trends related to agricultural production, food consumption and nutrition, and women's empowerment. Using this evidence, the chapter presents a...

Improving rural wastewater management. Improved sanitation and hygiene through proper wastewater management is critical for sustainable growth of rural communities. Traditional wastewater treatment technologies experience low penetration in the resource-poor semi-arid tropical villages with limited or no access to good quality...

Effects of air pollution on human health. The drastic rise in urbanization and the growing economy has resulted in an increase in sources of air pollution in the developing and underdeveloped countries. There has been a constant increase in urban sources, i.e. industries, vehicles running on dirty fuels, burning of fossil fuels, waste and...

 

CAB Reviews – CABI’s e-Journal

Lymphatic filariasis in the Southeast Asian region; status and control options. The Global Program to Eliminate Lymphatic Filariasis (GPELF) was launched in year 2000 by the World Health Organization (WHO) with the goal set for elimination by 2020. Over half the global disease burden lies in the Southeast Asian region (SEAR). The preventive chemotherapy (PC) programme has been...

Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever and its history in Afghanistan. Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever (CCHF) is a vector-borne viral disease that is transmitted to humans by tick bites and direct contact with an infected animal and human fluids. The disease is endemic in Afghanistan and neighboring countries, and in recent years, there are hundreds of cases of CCHF...

Leprosy: current status and clinical management. Around the world nations have adopted the global leprosy strategy 2016-2020 developed by the world health organization to achieve the objective of a leprosy-free world. Despite the disease having been declared as eliminated from most developed nations and parts of the world, every year more than...

Diversifying Indian diets - challenges and opportunities. This review reiterates the lack of diversity in Indian diets, especially with regard to fruits, vegetables and pulses, resulting in a deficient intake of essential micro-nutrients. It also highlights the variations in nutrient intake across the life cycle determined by gender and other...

 

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