Focus on: Sub-Saharan Africa

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 Reproductive health services and climate change: a focus on Senegal Climate change is creating uncertainty around family planning and reproductive health choices for women in Senegal. Remote fishing villages along the coastal estuaries in recent years have been deluged by floods, forcing many families to give up their livelihoods and homes. The relocation of women...

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Prevalence and genetic diversity of HAV and HBV viruses among jaundice patients at Coast General Hospital, Mombasa County, Kenya. Background: Hepatitis A and B causes morbidity and mortality among patients. This study determined the proportion of hepatitis A, B viruses (HAV, HBV) and genetic diversity of HBV among jaundice patients at the Coast General Hospital, Mombasa County, Kenya. Methods: A cross-sectional study was...

How women and providers perceive male partner resistance to contraceptives in western Kenya: a qualitative study. Objective: Almost a fifth of Kenyan women who desire to delay or avoid pregnancy are not using modern contraception. The objective of this study is to describe how Kenyan women, healthcare providers, and health policymakers perceive male partner resistance to function as a barrier to women's...

Streamlining smart survey processes in support of a high quality, nationally owned nutrition information system in Kenya. What we know: Standardized Monitoring and Assessment of Relief and Transitions (SMART) methodology is widely used in Kenya by governments and partners, in both arid and semi-arid areas, in nutrition surveillance and early warning systems. What this article adds: From 2013 onwards, the processes for...

Prevalence and predictors of hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection in east Africa: evidence from a systematic review and meta-analysis of epidemiological studies published from 2005 to 2020. Background: The epidemiology of hepatitis B virus (HBV) in the general population in east Africa is not well documented. In this meta-analysis, we examined 37 full published research articles to synthesise up-to-date data on the prevalence and predictors of the HBV burden for the effective...

Influence of a quasi-delegated management framework on sustainable distribution of quality drinking water in Umoja Innercore Estate, Nairobi. Managing drinking water in its distribution pathways is one of the main indicators of the quality of service provided to the consumer. Its quality management is important since human health and livelihoods depend on adequate, clean, reliable water supplies. Unfortunately, this is not true to many...

Chronic disease stigma, skepticism of the health system, and socio-economic fragility: qualitative assessment of factors impacting receptiveness to group medical visits and microfinance for non-communicable disease care in rural Kenya. Background: Non-communicable diseases (NCDs) are the leading cause of mortality in the world, and innovative approaches to NCD care delivery are being actively developed and evaluated. Combining the group-based experience of microfinance and group medical visits is a novel approach to NCD care...


CABI book chapters (your subscription gives you fulltext access to selected chapters)

Impact of parthenium weed on human and animal health. This chapter deals with various human and animal health impacts of pathenium weed (Parthenium hysterophorus). Diseases caused by the weed include dermatitis, rhinitis, asthma and atopic dermatitis. The detrimental health effects of parthenium weed are attributed to the sesquiterpene lactones and in...

Nutritional ecology: understanding the intersection of climate/environmental change, food systems and health. This chapter addresses the intersection of climate/environmental change (CEC), food systems, nutrition and health. It presents the case for how an ecological approach can clarify the relationships of food systems and human nutritional status, and the role of the latter as both an input and outcome...

Improving rural wastewater management. Improved sanitation and hygiene through proper wastewater management is critical for sustainable growth of rural communities. Traditional wastewater treatment technologies experience low penetration in the resource-poor semi-arid tropical villages with limited or no access to good quality...

 

CAB Reviews – CABI’s e-Journal

What drives policy reform? A cross-country review of micronutrient policy change in Malawi, South Africa, and Zambia. There is increased interest and awareness in country and among donors of the importance of evidence-based policy change in achieving the Sustainable Development Goals. While much is known about the technical and programmatic elements necessary to end hunger and undernutrition (including...

Human African trypanosomiasis: current status and eradication efforts. Epidemics of human African trypanosomiasis (HAT) in the twentieth century led to millions of deaths. However, since the start of the twenty-first century, there has been a continued decline in the number of reported cases, due to increased investment and prioritisation of control efforts....

Onchocerciasis: status and progress towards elimination. Craw craw was first described almost 150 years ago. Since then considerable progress has been made in understanding the Onchocerca volvulus life cycle, its effects on the host (blindness, skin disease and epilepsy) and potential control measures. Early attempts were aimed at controlling the black...

 

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