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Diagnostic tech ‘out of reach’ as rich few dominate market [NEW DELHI] Less than a fifth of the population of developing countries have access to basic diagnostic tests for some of the most common diseases, amid a lack of trained staff and inequitable access to equipment, a report published in The Lancet shows. Despite “extraordinary...

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Characteristics of colorectal cancers among Alaska Native people before and after implementing programs to promote screening. Background: Alaska Native (AN) people have the highest rates of colorectal cancer (CRC) globally. Increasing CRC screening has been effective in reducing CRC-related morbidity and mortality in other populations. Objective: To examine recent descriptive epidemiology and longer-term CRC trends among...

The use a virtual interactive system to enhance gynecologic oncology multi-disciplinary care in Zambia. Background: Gynecologic malignancies represent a significant proportion of the increasing cancer burden in Zambia. The care and outcomes of cancer patients improves in a multidisciplinary team but insufficient coordination in weak health systems is a barrier to this model of care. The World Health...

Childhood cancer mortality trends in the Americas and Australasia: an update to 2017. Background: Marked reductions in childhood cancer mortality occurred over the last decades in high-income countries and, to a lesser degree, in middle-income countries. This study aimed to monitor mortality trends in the Americas and Australasia, focusing on areas showing unsatisfactory trends....

Long-term depression incidence and associated mortality among African American and White prostate cancer survivors. Background: Depression is common after a diagnosis of prostate cancer and may contribute to poor outcomes, particularly among African Americans. The authors assessed the incidence and management of depression and its impact on overall mortality among African American and White veterans with...

Prevalence of prostate cancer risk factors and symptoms in indigenous people in Tabasco, Mexico. Introduction: Prostate cancer is a public health problem being the most frequently diagnosed neoplasm and the second leading cause of cancer death in men. However, there is little information about this disease in indigenous people and therefore, current knowledge calls for urgent primary...

Novel nomogram predicting cancer-specific survival and overall survival in patients with primary esophageal small-cell carcinoma: a surveillance, epidemiology, and end results-based study. Background: Small-cell carcinoma is a relatively infrequent pathological variety of esophageal cancer. In this study, a novel nomogram model was developed to evaluate the cancer-specific survival (CSS) and overall survival (OS) of patients with primary esophageal small-cell carcinoma (ESmCC)....


CABI book chapters (your subscription gives you fulltext access to selected chapters)

Climate change: the ultimate one health challenge. This chapter provides an overview of the impacts of climate change and the shared benefits of diverse collaborations to adapt to this important threat to animal, man and environmental health.

Radon I. Lung cancer risks. Radon is a rare natural radioactive gas. It produces solid progeny which emit alpha particles implicated in inducing cellular lesions in human bronchial epithelial tissue after inhalation. As early as the 15th century, increased rates of mortality due to respiratory diseases were observed in...

Pomegranate bioactive compounds and health. This chapter provides information on the ethnobotany and traditional medicine, chemical composition (such as phenolic compounds, tannins, flavonoids, anthocyanins, fatty acids, and alkaloids), functional/health benefit, and drug interaction of pomegranate.

 

CAB Reviews – CABI’s e-Journal

Health benefits of intermittent caloric restriction. Chronic diseases, including cardiovascular disease (CVD), diabetes, hypertension, stroke, dementia, and cancer are the leading cause of morbidity and mortality globally. Caloric restriction (CR) is able to reduce or prevent the above a mentioned chronic diseases and increase both healthy lifespan...

The potential mechanisms of unintentional weight loss after oesophageal cancer surgery. Recent advances in the surgical and multimodality management of oesophageal cancer have led to improved survival for patients treated with curative intent. Survivors may struggle to adapt to the profound nutritional impact of oesophageal cancer surgery, and addressing dietary and related...

The high-fat diet and the effects of its consumption on the hypothalamus and hippocampus. Obesity has become a highly prevalent worldwide public health issue that is attributed to the overconsumption of caloric dense foods, such as meals high in saturated fats. Consistent overconsumption of a high-fat diet (HFD) results in pathogenic adipose tissue expansion which induces a chronic...

 

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