Focus on: Environmental & Occupational Health

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Wildfire pollution linked to fatal heart, respiratory illness [NEW DELHI] A study into the impact of fine particles generated by wildfires has confirmed the link between these toxic pollutants and increased deaths from respiratory and heart-related deaths worldwide, researchers say. Particulate matter smaller than 2.5 micrometres released by wildfires...

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Human health risks from brominated flame retardants and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in indoor dust. Exposure to dust particles containing toxic compounds is linked to serious health outcomes, including cancer. The purpose of this study was to determine if indoor dust from houses and cars contained harmful levels of brominated flame retardants (polybrominated diphenyl ethers, PBDEs) and polycyclic...

Quantification of outdoor tobacco smoke exposure at outdoor smoking facilities. Introduction: The implementation of indoor smoke-free policy has compelled smokers to go outdoors to smoke. Outdoor smoking facilities were installed to designate outdoor smoking area. The purposes of the study were to identify factors of outdoor tobacco smoke (OTS) around open type outdoor smoking...

Weekend-weekday implications and the impact of wildfire smoke on ozone and its precursors at Boulder Reservoir, Colorado between 2017 and 2019. The Northern Front Range of Colorado regularly exceeds the ozone (O3) National Ambient Air Quality Standard. This region is unique because it is impacted by emissions from urban activities (i.e., traffic and light industry) as well as from oil and natural gas production. Here, we summarize three...

Bisphenol A and its analogues in outdoor and indoor air: properties, sources and global levels. Bisphenol A (BPA) and its analogues are high-volume production organic synthetic compounds used in the synthesis of plastics. BPA has been categorized as an endocrine disrupting compound due to its ability to disrupt the hormonal makeup of living organisms. Air and dust are common sources of...

Water-soluble brown carbon in atmospheric aerosols along the transport pathway of Asian dust: optical properties, chemical compositions, and potential sources. As an important type of light-absorbing aerosol, brown carbon (BrC) has the potential to affect the atmospheric photochemistry and Earth's energy budget. A comprehensive field campaign was carried out along the transport pathway of Asian dust during the spring of 2016, including a desert site...

Association of ambient air pollution with depressive and anxiety symptoms in pregnant women: a prospective cohort study. Background: Air pollution is associated with depressive and anxiety symptoms in the general population. However, this relationship among pregnant women remains largely unknown. Objective: To evaluate the association between pregnancy air pollution exposure and maternal depressive and anxiety...


CABI book chapters (your subscription gives you fulltext access to selected chapters)

The ecological transition. Exposure to the risk factors that increase vulnerability to trauma and non-communicable diseases (NCDs), such as pollutants, poor diet, poor air quality and increased conflict, disaster and extreme weather events, is driven by a third mega-trend: human development and progress. This chapter focuses...

Improving rural wastewater management. Improved sanitation and hygiene through proper wastewater management is critical for sustainable growth of rural communities. Traditional wastewater treatment technologies experience low penetration in the resource-poor semi-arid tropical villages with limited or no access to good quality...

Atmospheric contaminants: sources, chemical characterization and hazards. As per the World Health Organization (WHO) estimates, around 7 million people died in the year 2012 due to exposure to air pollution. This estimate suggests that one in eight of total global deaths are caused by exposure to air pollution. Thus, air pollution, along with its direct and indirect...

 

CAB Reviews – CABI’s e-Journal

Hand washing - its role in preventing water, foodborne and healthcare-associated diseases. The rise in indices of infectious diseases and antimicrobial resistance is a cause for concern and calls for multiple approaches for control to be considered. The most exposed parts of the body, such as hands, skin, head and the face are a leading source of these pathogens. Hands in particular are...

Aquaculture occupational safety and health in Brazil. Health, safety and injury prevention actions should be prioritized in aquaculture, where workers are exposed to a wide range of risks. This paper is based on a scoping report by a group of international experts, funded by the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) and administered by Fisheries and...

Roadmap to a One Health agenda 2030. The current fragmented framework of health governance for humans, animals and environment, together with the conventional linear approach to solving current health problems, is failing to meet today's health challenges and is proving unsustainable. Advances in healthcare depend increasingly on...

Intelligent packaging for monitoring food quality. Synthetic plastics derived primarily from fossil carbon sources (such as crude oil and natural gas) are one of the main constituents of urban solid waste that present an increasing problem of disposal and environmental pollution due to its recalcitrant nature. Growing environmental concerns over...

 

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