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Distribution key as WHO approves first malaria vaccine [NAIROBI] The World Health Organization’s recommendation of broad deployment of the first malaria vaccine among children in Sub-Saharan Africa has been widely celebrated, but scientists warn it could face hurdles in its acquisition and distribution by endemic countries. The WHO on...

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Overexposing mosquitoes to insecticides under global warming: a public health concern? The combined effect of global warming and insecticide exposure on the spread of mosquito-borne diseases is poorly studied. In our opinion, more resources should be diverted to this topic to further research efforts and deal with this increasing threat. It is particularly important to determine how...

Challenges to mitigating the urban health burden of mosquito-borne diseases in the face of climate change. Cities worldwide are facing ever-increasing pressure to develop mitigation strategies for all sectors to deal with the impacts of climate change. Cities are expected to house 70% of the world's population by 2050, and developing related resilient health systems is a significant challenge. Because...

Possible effects of climate change on ixodid ticks and the pathogens they transmit: predictions and observations. The global climate has been changing over the last century due to greenhouse gas emissions and will continue to change over this century, accelerating without effective global efforts to reduce emissions. Ticks and tick-borne diseases (TTBDs) are inherently climate-sensitive due to the sensitivity...

A novel approach for predicting risk of vector-borne disease establishment in marginal temperate environments under climate change: West Nile virus in the UK. Vector-borne diseases (VBDs), such as dengue, Zika, West Nile virus (WNV) and tick-borne encephalitis, account for substantial human morbidity worldwide and have expanded their range into temperate regions in recent decades. Climate change has been proposed as a likely driver of past and future...

Impact of prior and projected climate change on US Lyme disease incidence. Lyme disease is the most common vector-borne disease in temperate zones and a growing public health threat in the United States (US). The life cycles of the tick vectors and spirochete pathogen are highly sensitive to climate, but determining the impact of climate change on Lyme disease burden has...

Seroepidemiologic survey of emerging vector-borne infections in South Korean forest/field workers. With global warming and lush forest change, vector-borne infections are expected to increase in the number and diversity of agents. Since the first report of severe fever with thrombocytopenia syndrome (SFTS) in 2013, the number of reported cases has increased annually in South Korea. However,...


CABI book chapters (your subscription gives you fulltext access to selected chapters)

Economic evaluation of integrated mosquito control in urban areas. The objective of the article was to focus on the economic impact and evaluation of area-wide pest management (AWPM) to mitigate and control Aedes albopictus, also known as the Asian tiger mosquito, a vector that carries a number of mosquito-borne diseases and is a source of nuisance.

The invasive mosquitoes of medical importance. Mosquitoes (Diptera: Culicidae) are the most important group of blood-sucking insects that are vectors of human diseases. This chapter focuses mainly on six species belonging to the Aedes, Culex and Anopheles genera, which, closely adapted to human habitats for thousands of years, have exploited...

Lyme disease in children. This chapter reviews the aetiology, epidemiology, clinical manifestations, diagnosis, treatment, post-treatment prognosis, and prevention of Lyme disease in children. It also briefly discusses "misguided" beliefs about "chronic" Lyme disease, and how clinicians should address them.

Health issues. This chapter discusses the importance of application practices, spraying methods, health risks to residents and bystanders, importance of determining the maximum residue level, residues in water, packaging, changes in formulation, misuse, illegal and counterfeit products, and risk analysis versus...

 

CAB Reviews – CABI’s e-Journal

Emerging viruses in marine mammals. Emerging infectious disease has become a serious concern that has consequences for human, animal and environmental health on a global scale. During the past two decades, it has become clear that viruses are emerging in terrestrial environments from the human-animal interface at an unprecedented...

Invasive Pomacea snails: actual and potential environmental impacts and their underlying mechanisms. Apple snails are large freshwater snails belonging to the family Ampullariidae that inhabit tropical to temperate areas. The South American apple snails Pomacea canaliculata and Pomacea maculata have been introduced to other continents where they have successfully established and spread. Our review...

Vector-borne diseases in the Caribbean: history and current status. The Caribbean consists of island chains surrounded by the Caribbean Sea and the Atlantic Ocean, in addition to neighbouring mainland countries. The tropical climate and its historic and continued influx of both humans and animals from throughout the world have contributed to the region's plethora...

Aedes albopictus in America: current perspectives and future challenges. The Zika virus outbreak in Miami-Dade, Florida, in 2016 heightened our awareness of the presence, expansion and vectorial capacity of invasive Aedes mosquitoes in the USA. The Asian tiger mosquito, Aedes albopictus, has not been implicated as a vector during an arbovirus outbreak in the USA,...

 

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