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Water buffalo ‘spreading bilharzia’ in Philippines [NEW YORK] Water buffalos play a critical role in transmitting the parasitic disease schistosomiasis in the Philippines, new research reveals. Schistosomiasis, also known as bilharzia, is caused by parasitic trematode worms. People become infected when larval forms of the parasite...

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Prevalence of endoparasitic and viral infections in client-owned cats in metropolitan Bangkok, Thailand, and the risk factors associated with feline hookworm infections. The prevalence of enteric parasites in cats in metropolitan Bangkok has not been updated in over 13 years. The main objectives of this study include updating the prevalence of endoparasitism in client-owned cats, status of retroviral infections and determining the association between feline...

Status and control of common food-borne parasitic diseases in China: a review. Food-borne parasitic diseases include meat-borne, fish-borne, plant-borne, water-borne, mollusk-borne and freshwater crustacean-borne parasitic diseases. The review summarizes the current status and control of 6 major food-borne parasitic diseases in China, including clonorchiasus, paragonimiasis,...

Shift in parasitic infections during the corona pandemic: a hospital-based retrospective study. The Corona pandemic caused by the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARSCoV- 2) calls on the Saudi government to take action to control the infection. The government closed borders, prohibited travel, limited outdoor movements, and told primary and secondary care facilities to reduce...

Malaria and helminth co-infections in children living in endemic countries: a systematic review with meta-analysis. Background: Current knowledge on the burden of, and interactions between malaria and helminth co-infections, as well as the impact of the dual infections on anaemia, remains inconclusive. We have conducted a systematic review with meta-analysis to update current knowledge as a first step towards...

Prevalence and risk factors associated with intestinal parasitic infection among primary school children in Dera District, Northwest Ethiopia. Background. Globally, over 600 million school children are living with intestinal parasites. The prevalence of intestinal parasitic infections (IPIs) among school children in Ethiopia and the Amhara region is 52% and 51%, respectively. The present study aimed to determine the prevalence and...

Intestinal schistosomiasis in an apparently healthy rural population in Bayelsa State, Nigeria. Background: Schistosomiasis is endemic in Nigeria and three species; Schistosoma haematobium, Schistosoma mansoni, and Schistosoma intercalatum have been reported in Niger Delta, Nigeria. This study aimed to determine the prevalence of schistosomiasis in rural communities of Bayelsa State, Nigeria....


CABI book chapters (your subscription gives you fulltext access to selected chapters)

Epidemiology of Staphylococcus aureus and enterococci and an overview of antimicrobial resistance. This chapter gives an overview about: antibiotic resistance in S. aureus; Hospital-acquired MRSA (HA-MRSA); community-acquired MRSA (CA-MRSA); vancomycin-intermediate/resistant S. aureus (VISA/VRSA); epidemiology/prevalence of MRSA rates of colonization; epidemiology of MRSA by infection type...

Function of the human gut microbiota. This chapter reviews the various functions of the human gut microbiata in relation to: (1) production and conversion of bioactive compounds; (2) regulation of the crypt-villus structure in the small intestine; (3) immune maturation; (4) prevention of pathogenic infections; (5) energy homeostasis,...

Principles of antimicrobial stewardship. This chapter provides an overview of the general principles that should guide antimicrobial stewardship programs (ASPs) in every hospital setting. Principles and strategies related to optimal antibiotic therapy, major problems encountered in ASPs (i.e., antibiotic resistance, Clostridium difficile...

 

CAB Reviews – CABI’s e-Journal

Salmonellosis as a neglected emerging zoonotic threat in Africa: situation in South Africa. Typhoidal and non-typhoidal salmonellosis have emerged as prominent causes of bloodstream infection in Africa with high fatalities up to 47%. The transmission routes of typhoidal and reservoir hosts of non-typhoidal Salmonella are not fully understood in Africa. Diverse challenges with in-country...

Noroviruses in livestock, pets and public health impact. Noroviruses (NoVs) are a leading cause of acute gastroenteritis (diarrhoea and vomiting) worldwide. The virus was reported from humans and later was identified in different symptomatic and/or asymptomatic animal species, such as bovine, ovine, swine, canine and feline. In animals NoV infection is...

Buruli ulcer: currents status and options for future prevention. Buruli ulcer (BU) is a serious skin disease caused by Mycobacterium ulcerans infection. Over the last 10 years, the understanding of the epidemiology, ecology, aetiology and physiopathology of BU has progressed considerably. This paper reviews the current knowledge of BU and the options for future...

 

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