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How eating millet can cut diabetes risks [BLANTYRE, MALAWI] A millet-based diet could lower the risk of diabetes, a rapidly growing problem in Sub-Saharan Africa, a study suggests. The finding offers the potential for nutritionists to design appropriate meals for people with diabetes as well as others without the...

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Impacts of COVID-19 on agriculture and food security. Agriculture during COVID-19 has been affected internationally, affecting food security. This article presents how COVID-19 has impacted on the system that makes up the activity of agriculture, this being the main source of food that supplies the population, generating income for small farmers and...

Assessment of the nutritional status of four selected rural communities in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa. Under- and over-nutrition co-exist as the double burden of malnutrition that poses a public health concern in countries of the developing regions, including South Africa (SA). Vulnerable groups such as pregnant women and children under five years are the most affected by malnutrition, especially in...

Examining the prevalence, nutritional quality and marketing of foods with voluntary nutrient additions in the Canadian food supply. Foods with voluntary nutritional additions are a fast-growing sector of the global food industry. In Canada, while the addition of nutrients to foods has been regulated through fortification regulations, parallel policies which aim to encourage product innovation have also allowed for the voluntary...

Ten years since the crises in Syria: lessons for planetary and public health. Climate scientists have attributed the war in Syria to persistent droughts caused by damming of rivers and growing aridity due to climate change. As result of the war, there has been widespread migration, hunger, malnutrition, and a collapse of public health systems. While many climate researchers...

Seasonality of acute malnutrition and its drivers: a case study from eastern Chad. What we know: The existing evidence base on acute malnutrition seasonality is limited and fraught with methodological constraints resulting in the predominance of the assumption that acute malnutrition peaks during the 'lean season' or 'hunger gap'. What this article adds: This article summarises...

Estimating the burden of wasting during COVID-19 based on empirical experiences in the Sahel. What we know: An incidence correction factor (K) of 1.6 is generally used to estimate the burden of wasting; some countries report that this leads to underestimates. What this article adds: A revised mathematical model was developed to address a perceived risk of underestimation of the burden of...


CABI book chapters (your subscription gives you fulltext access to selected chapters)

Nutritional ecology: understanding the intersection of climate/environmental change, food systems and health. This chapter addresses the intersection of climate/environmental change (CEC), food systems, nutrition and health. It presents the case for how an ecological approach can clarify the relationships of food systems and human nutritional status, and the role of the latter as both an input and outcome...

Pomegranate bioactive compounds and health. This chapter provides information on the ethnobotany and traditional medicine, chemical composition (such as phenolic compounds, tannins, flavonoids, anthocyanins, fatty acids, and alkaloids), functional/health benefit, and drug interaction of pomegranate.

Diversifying rice-centric agriculture and diets: the Bangladesh experience. This chapter reviews recent policy developments in agriculture and nutrition in Bangladesh,and then draws upon household-level data to examine trends related to agricultural production, food consumption and nutrition, and women's empowerment. Using this evidence, the chapter presents a...

 

CAB Reviews – CABI’s e-Journal

Vitamin D, VDR, and probiotics in health and disease. We summarize the recent evidence of the interplay between vitamin D, its receptor (VDR), and probiotics in modulating gut microbiota in health and disease, with a focus on metabolic and gastrointestinal diseases. While vitamin D/VDR and probiotics may open promising preventive and therapeutic...

What drives policy reform? A cross-country review of micronutrient policy change in Malawi, South Africa, and Zambia. There is increased interest and awareness in country and among donors of the importance of evidence-based policy change in achieving the Sustainable Development Goals. While much is known about the technical and programmatic elements necessary to end hunger and undernutrition (including...

Health benefits of intermittent caloric restriction. Chronic diseases, including cardiovascular disease (CVD), diabetes, hypertension, stroke, dementia, and cancer are the leading cause of morbidity and mortality globally. Caloric restriction (CR) is able to reduce or prevent the above a mentioned chronic diseases and increase both healthy lifespan...

 

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